Kurgan Bus Plant is known to many asthe manufacturer of buses "Aurora". Their production began in the nineties of the last century. Over time, production developed, new models appeared. So, in 2006 there was an updated version of the bus "Aurora" KAVZ-4238, characterized by an increased level of passenger comfort. Powerful engines are economical in fuel consumption and belong to a high class for environmental friendliness.
The new model corresponds to the world trendsthe present tense. The installed power unit has a power of more than two hundred horsepower. It belongs to the fourth class on ecological compatibility. And more recent modifications - to the fifth. The bus KAVZ-4238 is dispersed to one hundred and ten kilometers per hour. Used a new "Aurora" for both traffic around the city, and for long-distance intercity trips.
On the body of the wagon type the manufacturer givesa guarantee of up to ten years. Capacity - 37 people. The height of the ceiling in the cabin allows you to comfortably accommodate even the high passenger. For landing (disembarkation) there are two doors.
The side windows are wide, slightly tinted. It's nice to be in the salon. The seats are comfortable even for long trips. Things easily fit in a large luggage compartment.
Natural ventilation is carried out through windows on windows and hatches in the roof.
Heating combined. For passengers in the cabin there are three heaters. For the driver there is a separate front heater, which can work in several modes.
This type of transport is installedengine Cummins 6ISBe4 210V volume of 6.7 liters and direct injection of fuel. Its power is 245 horsepower. The rotation frequency is 2.3 thousand revolutions per minute. There are six cylinders. They are located vertically.
The fuel tank has a capacity of 170 liters. The fuel consumption is 25 liters per hundred kilometers.
Later modifications, which were received insale in 2013, equipped with a Cummins 6BGe5 230 engine. As a fuel, gas is used here. A total of five cylinders of 123 liters each were installed. The motor is characterized by volume of 5.9 liters, capacity of 234 horsepowers.
The dimensions of the bus are as follows:length - 1000 cm, width - 250 cm, height - 308.5 cm, height in the cabin - 200 cm, the length of the wheelbase - 490 cm. The width of the front passenger door is 83 cm, the back - 77 cm. The turn radius is eleven meters. The total weight - 12.25 tons, loaded - 8.435 tons. The front axle has about four tons of load, the rear - about eight tons.
For the convenience of bus management installedhydraulic power steering. The steering mechanism has several options. The Gearbox has a manual 6-speed. Pneumatic, double-circuit brakes. To improve safety, there is an ABS system.
Externally, the bus looks like a model of the Europeanproduction. For our roads, its external appearance is still a bit unusual: a rear view mirror in the form of "ant antennae", a large windshield, rectangular doors and windows in the cabin.
Before the bus has a more rounded shape. In the mask next to the blockade are installed fog lights.
The luggage compartment is located on both sides. Next to it is a place for accumulators and air dryer of the pneumatic system.
The model is made in several modifications:
- The KAVZ-4238-01 bus is suitable for suburban routes. Its differences are in the more rigid seats, increased to 39 people capacity.
- KavZ-4238-02 accommodates 35 passengers.The seats are wider and more comfortable. The luggage compartment is larger than the base model. Such characteristics allow using it for long-distance intercity trips.
- KavZ-4238-04 refers to the type of urbanpublic transport. It differs in other design of the cabin, lack of luggage compartment. It has only 21 seats. But taking into account the standing places the bus accommodates 82 passengers. The rear door is expanded to 140 cm. Similar changes have increased the weight of the bus to 13.7 tons.
- The model with the index 05 is used to transport children.
This modification of the bus is designed fortransportation of children to their place of study. It seats 32 passengers. Each seat has a seat belt. For communication of the driver and passengers there is an emergency communication button. And in the cabin, this button is next to each seat. The driver has a loudspeaker. For the convenience of raising small children inside there is an additional step.
An additional security system is installed. It does not allow the bus to move with the doors open. Another function of the system is to limit the speed of travel to sixty kilometers per hour.
For the transportation of backpacks in the back of the cabin there are specially equipped racks.
Reviews and prices
The cost of the Kavz-4238 bus from the officialthe dealer is about four million rubles. The used bus can be found for half of this cost. The cost depends on the equipment and its condition (this applies to used models).
Reviews about these buses for the most partpositive. Allocate good consumption, high level of safety, comfort and convenience during the movement. Another important detail is the convenient location of the main components, which facilitates the repair process. Spare parts KAVZ-4238 can easily be purchased in stores.
In general, this is a reliable, high-quality bus.It differs from analogues with good fuel consumption, environmental friendliness, high performance characteristics, comfort for passengers, convenient control for the driver.