Modern drivers have an excellent opportunityuse a variety of electronic helpers that make driving easier. To park the car safely for yourself and for others, there are parktronics. The installation of such a device is a simple process, and with the help of detailed instructions with this matter everyone can handle each with his own hands in the garage.
There is a parking assistance system on the basethe ultrasonic wave principle and the echolocation effect. A sound wave that is radiated and received by special sensors installed in front and behind the car is analyzed by the device control unit.
By how long it took the wave,to reflect from the obstacle, the distance from it to the car is calculated. The zone in which the device can work as efficiently as possible depends on the manufacturer and the technical characteristics of a particular parktronic. For most devices presented in the modern market, this zone ranges from 0.2 m to 2 m.
The system is a set of sensorscontrol unit of the device to display information about the distance to the obstacle. Also in systems there is a sound signal. Some models include a rear-view camera and other useful options.
The main thing in the construction of parktronics is the blockmanagement. It is he who analyzes all the information entering into it and then generates electronic impulses for the delivery of visual and audible signals. Their intensity will grow as the car approaches another car or an obstacle on the way. Depending on the model information can be fed to the LED panel or LCD display.
Ultra-modern models are equipped with a projectionsystem, through which all information is conveniently projected onto the windshield. Sound notification is in most cases a pleasant female voice.
Types of devices
The layout of the parking sensor depends on the type of sensors. At the moment there are several types of these elements:
Each of them has its own characteristics.
These systems are the most popular on the market.There are a lot of devices that use ultrasound for work. They can differ from each other by the number of sensors, the method of supplying information, the presence of additional options.
The optimal option is four sensors forfront mounting, and two for rear bumper mounting. To exclude the effect of "dead zones", it is recommended to place sensors along the entire surface of the bumpers when installing this type of parktronic. The distance between the elements should be 40-50 centimeters.
The more sensors in the kit, the more accurateoperates parktronic. However, this type of system is characterized by large errors in the process of operation. A common drawback of the group of these devices is that they are not able to detect obstacles that are not above the road level. Parktronic can give false signals on the slopes, since their surface will fall into the range of its sensors.
Car parking system of this type is nothas separate sensors. As sensors, a special tape is used here. It must be secured from inside the bumper. This mounting technology is much easier, since there is no need to drill holes for installing sensors.
With regard to the operation of these systems,they work as follows. Around the bumper of the car creates an electromagnetic field. Any items that fall into it, change its characteristics. At the slightest change of parameters such as field density, tension or induction zone, the control unit immediately sends a signal to warn the driver.
Since these solutions work principlesmagnetism, then such band-type parktronics are more accurate. They are able to track those objects and obstacles in a way that ultrasonic analogs can not cope with. But often due to poor weather conditions or external interference, the efficiency of the electromagnetic field is reduced.
Installing a regular parktronic is not the task with which you should go to the service station. With minimal effort, everything can be done on your own. Let's look at how this should be done.
In most cases, as a parkingRadar is purchased by traditional devices based on acoustic sensors. The whole process of mounting is reduced to the fact that you need to drill holes in the bumper, then install the sensors, and then paint the bumper in its factory color. There should be no problems with drilling, although the process can take a long time. In the complete set with gauges and system parktronika there is a special cutter.
It is important to properly mark up, in order not to receive signals from the sky or from the road surface during operation. In the kit there is an instruction, however it is not adapted for different cars.
For standard parking radar from China (ait is this type of auto electronics that are most often bought), the height of the capture zone varies from 48 to 54 centimeters. At critical distances (up to 30 cm), this height is 44 centimeters, and at large - 51. This zone is a cone: its top is on the sensor, and the sides expand from the car. Based on these data, it is necessary to calculate where the sensors should be installed.
To make the device work correctly, to startit is necessary to measure the length of the bumper. First, consider the installation of the rear parking aid. The length of the bumper should be divided by 8 - this distance is measured from the left and right edges of the element. Then you need to calculate the location of two more sensors, for this the length of the bumper is divided by 4. The result is the distance that you need to move away from the extreme sensors to the center of the bumper on both sides. This will be the point of installation of the rear parking aid.
The height from the earth's surface is from 50 to70 centimeters depending on the type of car. This is the most optimal figure. Place under the sensors can be marked with a pencil or marker. In front, you usually need to make two holes. They are calculated similarly.
How to drill holes?
There are no special problems here. The holes must be made at low speed and with low feed. If you do not comply with this advice, then there is a risk that the bumper material will melt and result in uneven holes.
When installing parktronic with their own hands, manywill use a milling cutter or drill bit included in the kit to drill holes. But there is an important point. The drill or cutter has a diameter equal to the diameter of the sensor. But with the installation of compress the silicone clips can be a challenge. Therefore, in the place where they are inserted, the hole expands literally by 0.5 millimeters.
The cords are assembled into one bundle for compactness. Then it must be intercepted with ties. Sometimes in the box there is a box - there you need to place a cable. Next, the wires are neatly pulled over the body under the decorative skin. To fix them, apply screeds.
The control unit is mounted in the area of the frontcar panel. It is easy to glue on Velcro. They are on both sides even on inexpensive models. Then the indicating unit and the warning system are mounted. It is better to apply the manufacturer's instruction for this. The sound signal is placed closer to the driver. Displays mounted in the area of the speedometer or near the left rack.
You can connect the system to the rear lights - theywill be started as a pair. Connect the connectors carefully. It is very convenient to use special connectors-rivets when installing sensors of parking sensors. They create contact by piercing the cable.
"Kia" and parktronic
On different models of this manufacturer it isA useful device in the number of standard equipment is missing. Therefore, the installation of parktronics on the "Kia" is an opportunity to save the tail lights and front optics.
For installation, you need a screwdriver, screwdrivers,insulating tape, soldering iron, strips. First of all, place the mounting locations. To do this, stick a strip of paint tape on the cut on the rear bumper and mark the points where the sensors will be installed. You can use the instruction that comes with the specific model of the device.
Next, using a screwdriver and a complete cuttermake holes. Work should be extremely careful not to damage the bumper. Installation of front parking sensors is carried out by the same algorithm.
Next, remove all plastic boot. He just drags himself up and moves away. As a result, a hole will appear, through which it is necessary to extend the sensor wires, collecting them first into a bundle. When this is done, the plug is returned to its place.
Then, set the device's display. It can be hung under the roof or fixed to the instrument panel. The wires are laid through the ceiling and brought to the glass. To remove the plating on the side racks, the door seal should be dismantled and the top edge pulled to the center. Next, you just need to pry the latch.
Then dismantle the left part of the trunk. Install the control unit and connect all the elements. Power is best served through the cable that runs through the top of the trunk and goes to the roof on the left side. We need a white-orange wire - it's a plus, black is a minus. All connections are carefully insulated.
Installation is finished, it remains only to assemble the interior, after which you can check the operation of the device.
In contrast to the cars "Kia", the installationParktronics on the "Ford" is simplified by the fact that there are factory holes. They are made on the rear bumper cover to accommodate the sonar. But despite this, holes are very rarely used. This can easily be explained: the lining comes from the unpainted plant, which means that the sensors will be very prominent. Factory holes are above the level recommended by manufacturers of parktronics.
They are provided for installing regular parking sensors, available, however, only in expensive trim levels. And if there are none, then the installation is done using standard technology, but without markup.
Installation is carried out according to the instructions. From the opening of the number the first sensor should be installed at a distance of 3 centimeters, and the second - at 37. Here the main accuracy. From the edge of the machine for different models it is recommended to retreat 20-30 centimeters. Next, drill holes in the bumper and remove the tail lamp. The sensors are placed in the holes according to the letters: R - right, L - left. Then all the wires are assembled, tied into a bundle and pushed through the bumper amplifier. With the help of a wire, the tourniquet is pushed further between the bumper and the lantern.
As for the connection, then to the green wireconnect the positive contact on the control unit, and the negative - to the mass. It remains only to stretch the wires around the salon, and then proceed similarly to the instructions described above. As you can see, the installation of parking sensors on Renault is a simple process that everyone can handle.