Theoretically, the concept of improving production, the innovation process is seen as a sequence of stages:
1) initiation and implementation (R. Normann);
2) evaluation, initiation, implementation, routineization (J. Hagee, M. Aiken);
3) understanding the problem, producing an idea, finding a solution, solving, implementing and using (AS Myers and D. Margis).
In the organizational context, the stages are:
1) conceptualization, proposal making, acceptance (adoption) and implementation (J. Wilson);
2) searching for the "root" of the problem, producingalternative solutions, the evaluation of alternative solutions, the choice and initiation of a solution, approval and routineization (L. Cummings and M. O. Connell) The improvement of the organization of production in the context of innovative development of the enterprise allows us to distinguish 3 stages:
1. Getting innovation is a conceptual and technical solution to the problem of creating innovation.
2. Dissemination and organization of development of innovation;
3. Use of innovation - assistance in the application, maintenance; recycle after use.
It should be noted that the specific content of the stages of the innovation process depends on the type of innovation and the nature of the promotion of innovation on the market.
Stages of the innovation life cycle include:
2. Origin - the concept of improving production always arises on the basis of a new idea.
3. Product development.
4. Mastering the new process.
5. Improving the organization of production in the enterprise - the preparation of production, verification, actually the implementation of production.
6. Diffusion - the introduction of innovation at a particular facility.
7. Consumption - the use of innovation.
8. Routinization - the transformation of innovation into the everyday phenomenon of productive activity.
The concept of improving production based on the innovation process, assumes that it, as a set of subprocesses, covers:
1) the main innovation process and consumption of innovations (project development, investment process);
2) the service process (commercial, legal andorganizational, information-technological and educational, financial and material-technical, consulting support, recruitment and training of personnel);
3) the regulatory process (state, sectoral, regional, municipal, corporate).
On the other hand, the innovation process itself, asthe concept of improving production, noogenesis (the creation of new knowledge), is considered proceeding from the concept of creative human manifestations. Its "implantation" in a specific element of the external environment is facilitated, in turn, by the infrastructure of the external environment, potentially capable of realizing innovation.
It is necessary to distinguish the stages of the innovation process:
1) idea generation;
2) synthesis of the idea with the available experience;
3) useful implementation - the creation of a prototype;
4) the use of innovation with its "degeneration";
5) exploitation of innovation with the elimination of inadequate experience, which is not able to achieve the goal;
6) the vulgarization of innovation - the loss of a number ofimplied and declared properties, accompanying the capitalization of the experience accumulated with its help, the transition from the elitist application of innovation to its wide use.
The final result of implementation and operationInnovation is also an increase in the volume of knowledge. At this stage, the concept of improving production is formalized in its final form, and innovation is transformed into an ordinary working tool.
Thus, the innovation process, even at the theoretical level of consideration, is a complex multidimensional phenomenon, and therefore in the scientific literature this term has many interpretations.