The term "innovation" refers to the economiccategory and is the object of a kind of economic mechanism that has an impact on certain processes associated with the creation and implementation of innovations, as well as various relationships in the economy. At the same time, we must not forget that the market is the place where such relations arise.
The basis of innovation management
The basic moments of this economic category are:
- purposeful search for ideas that will serve as the basis for a specific innovation;
- organization of an innovation process fora certain innovation, which involves the implementation of a set of works of the organizational and technical plan for the transformation of the usual idea into the final product;
- the process of implementing and promoting new ideas in the market.
Thus, innovation management isan economic category that uses effective tools such as a strategy to concentrate all efforts on a specific acceptable solution and a tactic that involves the use of certain methods and techniques to achieve the goal in each case. The main task of tactics is to choose the optimal solution that is most acceptable in each individual economic situation.
Innovative management is the perfect management system
Considering this category as a system, it is necessary to distinguish two main subsystems:
- managing as a subject;
- managed as an object.
As a subject can act as oneemployee, and a group of employees, which are supported using special methods of object functioning. The object of management is innovation, the process of innovation and economic relations in this area.
Often in the research work of students(an example is coursework) innovative management considers one more element - an information product. This element appears as a result of the collection and processing of information with an assessment of its effectiveness of use.
Do not forget about the functions that performinnovative management, textbook, for example, Dorofeeva V.D. contains exactly the following: the functions of the subject (organization, forecasting, planning and coordination) and the functions of the management object (investment of investments, organization of implementation of the innovation process and promotion of innovations in the market).