Public speaking is an integral part of the life of a business person. In the process of activity, one has to speak at business meetings, negotiate, answer press questions, etc.
Types of public speaking are classified in several ways.
For example, for the purpose: informational, protocol-etiquette, entertaining, persuasive. By the type of public speech: report, message, speech, lecture, conversation.
The success of public speaking depends on manyfactors, considering which, you can not only overcome the fear of public speaking, but also become a good speaker. Public performance requires pre-training, which is not neglected even by the most experienced.
Traditionally, public speaking is based on a three-phase compositional principle: the introduction, the main part, the conclusion.
Preparation of speech includes several stages. First, it is necessary to see the "skeleton" of the future performance: the motives of listeners, the main idea of speech, the components of speech, key words, structure.
Increasing the "muscle mass" of the publicspeeches, it is necessary to choose interesting bright (better short) examples, materials for visual perception of information (diagrams, graphics, illustrations), moments of appeal to the audience for the purpose of fixing attention. Selecting the wording, it is necessary to know the intellectual and cultural level of the audience. Do not use terms that you do not understand well. This can lead to unexpected "blunders" that will negatively affect the speaker's perception.
At the end of the preparation of the speech you need to see the completethe text of the speech on paper or electronic media, re-read, pay special attention to formulations at the beginning and at the end of the speech. The introduction should intrigue, interest the listeners, and the conclusion is to leave in memory the main aspects and key words of the main idea.
The text of the speech, basic statements, examples or abstracts can be conveniently written on small cards, arranged in a logical order.
It would be nice to rehearse a public performance.This allows you to hear yourself from the outside, to understand the meaning and logic of the text, to see those moments that are most difficult for the speaker. Supporting textual information with non-verbal means of communication (gestures, facial expressions, posture), one can emphasize the most important ideas, more accurately convey the meaning of the transmitted information.
The effect of a public appearance depends on time. Prolonged speech can spoil not only the first impression, but the entire image of the speaker.
The appearance of the speaker is the second most importantelement of public speaking. Clothes should be comfortable. Imagine how you will look if you have to perform on stage, and the audience will look upwards? If the speaker is sitting at the table, and the audience can see his trousers, skirt, shoes?
Style clothing and speech should matcheach other. If a public speech is a report, a scientific speech, an official speech, then the style of dressing should be classical. Informal speech and informal environment, accordingly, do not require as many formalities to the style of clothing.
Important for successful performancehas a study of the place of the forthcoming performance. The chair, the tribune, the table assume different behavior of the speaker, as well as the observance of a certain etiquette.
The secret of successful performance is oftena simple smile directed towards the audience, a confident gait, a position in the surveyed space (for example, in the center of the scene, and not in the corner). The psychological attitude to the performance significantly increases the chances of success.