/ / Indots: breeding, peculiarities of maintenance and care

Indots: breeding, features of the maintenance and care

Indots are common birds,especially in European countries. This is because their meat is lean, with excellent taste. In the wild, these fairly large birds are found in a number of countries in South America, including Mexico. They are indiscriminate to care and food, have a unique ability to survive. Due to these qualities, breeding Indotests does not cause difficulties, they are ideal for home growing.

Description of birds

Indotec are called musk ducks.They have a wide chest and a small neck. Their legs are short, and their wings are powerful. The average weight of the drake reaches six kilograms, and the length is 90 cm. The female is much smaller than the male. Its weight is from three to three and a half kilograms, length - 60 cm.

breeding of Indotecks

Coloring is different, it depends on the breed.On their head, level with eyes and under the beak, there are red outgrowths, from which the older birds smell of musk, which determines the name.

What is the peculiarity of Indotecs?

From ordinary birds of this species, they differsize, color and various exterior characteristics. Their meat has the same nutritional properties as the goose and the usual duck. It is soft, the texture is dense, there is little fat, it is considered a dietary product.

content of indotecks

The Indots have one more positivefeature: they do not cause inconvenience, since they behave silently, sometimes creating a quiet hiss. For this they received a different name - "fizzy". Due to its positive characteristics, the breeding of Indotests in our country is becoming popular.

Female and male: how are they different?

Sex is determined when the ducklings are very small,two or three months old. How to distinguish the Indotec? The male from the female distinguishes the presence of feathers on the tail of the feathers connected by a ringlet. This is the main feature. The sex of the bird is also determined by its neck. In female it is thin, graceful, the male is large, with a smooth transition to the head.

Breeds of Indocholes

These birds are distinguished by a number of features:

  • Color of plumage.
  • The color of the eyes and feet.
  • The color of the beak.
breeds of indotecks

The rocks of the Indotests are shown in the table below.

Name of the breed

Coloring plumage

Eyes

Beak

Other

White

Corresponds to the name

Gray

Pale pink

Yellow feet

Black

The colors of the night, a purple tint on the body, blue-green on the wings

Common to birds of color

The black

Gray fluff

Black and white

Smolyanoy, shiny black overflow on the back, purple on the body

Brown, rarely - blue

Red with a dark end

White feathers on the head and chest

Wild brown

Chocolate with green tint

Brown

Red with a dark tip

White feathers on the head and chest

Blue

Corresponds to the name

Common to birds of color

Black and Gray

Dark fringing on wings

Wild

Black with a greenish, purple, purple overflow

Brown

Brown

Yellow fingers with black metatarsals; coverslips white

White with a picture

White with black marks

Common for birds

Red-blue, at the base and on the tip - coal

Hocks yellow with black spots

Wild Blue

Blue with dark stripes on feathers

Common for birds

At the base - black, then red-blue, the tip - dark

The Dark Metals

How to prepare a room?

Decent content of indotecs when they are dilutedis the main condition. It is important to consider the peculiarity of these birds. Musk ducks are unpretentious, but they do not get along with animals of other species. Therefore, for their breeding, you need to prepare a separate room. His choice should be taken seriously: in the winter in a birdhouse should be warm, and in the summer it's cool. The room should be equipped with ventilation and make sure that there is no humidity in it. To prevent sowing, bright lighting is unacceptable. To do this, the bulb should be painted red or orange.

home breeding for beginners

Often they are placed on a private farmsteador in the cottage. For this, the use of demountable structures is the most suitable option. But for the winter such a house should be insulated. Its arrangement depends on the size of the room. If it is large, its floor is covered with a grid with small cells. Only then lay a litter of straw or sawdust. Insulation of the floor is a very important factor in the arrangement of a dwelling for birds, since their feet are very sensitive to low temperatures. When breeding Indotests, calculate the area of ​​the room is very simple: for one individual, one and a half meters square.

If the dwelling is small in size, the birds are placedon cells that have tiers in an upright position. In order for the Indotics to be kept clean, the back wall of the cell should be lower than the front wall. This design allows you to move excrement from under the claws there.

Poultry walking

Cultivation of meat for meat is carried out withgiving them a walk. They are kept separately from other poultry in individual rooms with unhindered entry and exit. The room should be illuminated to a greater extent by natural means and closed. It is very important that it is cool in the summer.

When breeding Indotests for meat, the correctthe location of the paddock is of great importance, since it will provide the bird with more sunlight. The paddock should be south of the house. In order for the bird to quickly and safely exit and return back, it is necessary to make in the wall closing holes, the size of which is 40 cm. The holes should be located at a level of a 30-centimeter mark from the floor. On either side of the ladder, traps from the boards for entering and exiting the bird without trauma on their feet are brought.

cultivation of Indots

On the paddock the flock leaves immediately after the morningreception of food, approximately at 10 o'clock. Here the Indots spend all day, they are driven into the dwelling one hour before dark. These birds have good immunity, are able to endure cold weather. But early in the spring and late autumn, while on the ramp, they often freeze their paws. And if you let the Indotics bathe in the winter, icing of the feathers is guaranteed, as the fat content under the skin is very low.

How to make a litter?

For this, the use of variousmaterials: sawdust, wood shavings, peat, straw, chaff. For one bird per season you need to procure 10-12 kg of any material that can be used for litter. Before its laying, the bottom of the room for keeping indoutoks is filled with lime in the calculation of one kilogram per square meter of square. The layer of the litter itself is thin, about seven centimeters. But at the end of the next season, its height increases to 20 cm.

If the maintenance of birds continues in the poultry house inwinter period, and at this time the growth of young animals is expected, the litter needs to be changed, and its thickness is greater than the previous one, otherwise the birds can freeze. Ducklings can not be placed on the old flooring. It must be collected and taken out, and the room disinfected.

Equipment of the chimpanzee

When the bird room is built, the floor is laid with a litter, you need to equip it with everything necessary for the life of your pets.

  • Set the feeding troughs per one piece for five individuals. The length of each should be one meter, width - 25 cm.
  • To arrange drinking bowls, it is better, if they are not narrow, so that the birds do not bathe in them.
  • Construct roosts 40 cm high from the floor. For this it is enough to put logs on top of each other.
  • Place near the drinkers of the nest. Their number depends on the size of the pack. Birds themselves will find their nests, they will be warmed by them and they will carry eggs, and when it is time to hatch them.
  • In winter, the room for birds should be a positive temperature. For this, it is necessary to install heating devices, air heaters, for example, or turbines.

Feeders

Breeding indotok at home atbeginning poultry farmers always causes a lot of questions. For example, about feeders: how to make them, how many pieces do you need? A feeder in the form of a rectangular shaped trough can be made from thin boards. During meals, the ducklings usually climb there with their paws. To prevent such actions, in which the feeder often remains inverted with the food, a vertical bar is punched from above.

Breeding indotok at home forBeginners usually start with a small number of birds. Therefore, feeders are made in a simplified version. It is enough to stock up on tins that can be used. Carefully cut off the cap, hammer the edges so that the birds are not injured, and hang them on evenly located hooks.

How many feeders do you need and how long should they be?to have, is calculated taking into account the area of ​​the feeder for different food per one indoctka. This rate for dry food is two centimeters square, for a mash - not less than 10 cm of the entire length of the feeder.

jacks for indotecks

Nest

In the wild, the bird takes care of itselfhatching eggs, and at home, her master should think about it. Nests for indotok need to be prepared before April, because it is at this time triggered the instinct of incubation.

  • The nest can be arranged in a cardboard box. On its bottom should put a tissue mat of natural fibers.
  • The box contains 20 eggs. After their incubation for two weeks, you can put as much as the same.
  • Near the nest, a smalla trough, a water bottle, a bath. The matter is that, hatching eggs, the duck-mum long time is in one place in a sitting position. From this in her feathers parasites are planted. To get rid of them, the bird will swim. In addition, moistening feathers, the hen maintains a moisture regime. The nest needs protection. If there is no fencing, it is often penetrated by other chicks. When the hen sees them, it will not be up to its own nest. She throws it and begins to raise the adoptive chicks.

What kind of eggs does a musky duck carry?

In size, they differ little from chicken, iswhich is slightly larger. The egg of Indotka weighs about 70 grams, it is painted white, sometimes with brown spots. In form and useful properties, it resembles an egg of an ordinary duck. Therefore, without a doubt, you can eat eggs of Indotka in food, but only preliminary it is necessary to make a thermal treatment.

egg of indotka

The eggs of these birds are a fatty product, butfats, contained in yolk, unsaturated. The yolk has a pronounced orange color, which is due to the high content of carotene, which has a beneficial effect on the brain. The egg shell is thick, its transparent film poorly passes air, so the process of correct incubation of the embryo is difficult.

How to feed the Indotec?

Musk ducks, despite their unpretentiousness infood, you need to provide a balanced diet. They can not be fed hot and warm food. How to feed the Indotec? Grains are the basis of the diet. Birds are fed with corn, oats, wheat, barley. In the diet should be present vegetable supplements and greens. The menu needs to be varied with yeast, flour from bones and meat, pumice, bran. A caring host sometimes pampered with porridge with greens.

In summer, it is easier to feed them, since a significantby volume, part of the diet is fresh grass. The rate of water per person per day is one liter, the feed - 400 g. To the egg Indotka was with a strong shell, add chalk or small shells to the food. And to normalize the digestive process in the bird house put containers filled with gravel.

How to care for chicks?

When growing Indotecks ​​it is very important to obtainhealthy offspring. The chicks hatch from the eggs on the 35th day after they are planted by the hen. They are covered with a shiny fluff of yellow color, they can stand on their legs. Eyes in newborns are convex, with shine. The chicks are very small and defenseless, their weight reaches only 60 g.

To eat and drink independently newborns are notcan. The mother will teach them this. But if the ducklings were bought or brought out in an incubator, they would have to be fed, using a little trick. The first food of the daily chicks is the egg, hard-boiled and chopped into small pieces. Feed stuffed on their backs. Kids happily spit it from their congenitor. If the egg crumbs to the floor, they will find it there.

breeding of meat for meat

On the second day, except for the egg, the chicks are fedbran and milk. On the fifth - add waste from meat in boiled and crushed form. By the tenth day of life, chicks can be fed with boiled potatoes. From birth, you need to give supplements from vitamins and minerals. They are bought at the pharmacy. Be sure to observe the dosage, which is indicated in the instructions.

Helpful information

When breeding indotok need to stock up knowledge, so that their productivity was high. Some tips:

  • Plucking feathers with each other means lack of vitamins and greens in the stern. To do this, you need to diversify the diet of birds containing their supplements.
  • Nestlings, which are twenty-four hours old, have wings onends cut, so that they could not fly. The cuts are treated with potassium permanganate. If this procedure is done for adult Indots, eggs will not be borne.
  • Sometimes chicks accidentally swallow small items of metal: nails, pieces of wire. This can not be allowed, since they immediately perish.
  • The productivity of birds will decrease if in winter they experience hypothermia.

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