If pregnancy is the best andthe happiest state of a woman, why sometimes it is the other way around? Why do some pregnant women fall into hopeless depression and depression, which, of course, affects the future child?
Depression during pregnancy is"acquisition" of our century. Developing hormones should bring to life the woman supposedly more joy, and so it is, but this is provided that the pregnant woman is socially and emotionally protected. Strong stresses and the buildup of negative attitudes for the emotional unstable psyche at this time are completely contraindicated.
But what if the depressed state continues to aggravate? How to get rid of depression during pregnancy?
Peculiarities of the mental state of a pregnant woman
If the pregnancy is planned and with the fatherthe child is a woman in a warm confidential relationship, then she does not experience any special stresses. But hormonal changes still affect the psyche, and the woman can not help it. Therefore, her husband and colleagues at work preferably with understanding refers to the status of women, allow her to "let off steam." And soon, with the onset of the 2nd trimester, it must pass.
However, heavy melancholy and constantly gloomy andThe depressed state in the first trimester is not a normal manifestation of hormonal bursts. Depression and psychosis do not refer to the norm of behavior during this period. Most likely, there are other reasons that must be understood. And if a woman feels depressed for a long time, it is better to turn to a psychologist.
Causes of depression in pregnant women
The suppressed and apathetic state of a woman,which carries the child, is a rather bad indicator. Stress is one thing, it's easier to work with. But the depressive disorder is treated mainly with medical drugs. And any chemical medicines to the fetus are contraindicated.
What leads to this state?
- Constant winding yourself.
- Excessive stress at work, leading to chronic fatigue and dissatisfaction with life.
- Unplanned and unwanted pregnancy.
- Risks of pathology in the child.
- Material insecurity.
- Quarrels with a husband or his relatives.
- Fears of being a bad mother.
- The broken hormonal background at problems in work of the basic hormonal "base" - shchitovidki.
- Genetic predisposition.
- The death of one of the relatives or close friends.
It's pointless to think about what has not happened yet. This is what psychologists say at the reception. There is no need to worry and get to a nervous breakdown, being afraid for the physical or mental disabilities of a future child. In fact if there are weighty medical reasons leading to defects of a fruit the gynecologist to you about it would inform.
When the birth of a child is planned, it is important not toonly the physiological state of the future mother but also her psychological health. If the girl has always been somewhat suspicious, overly careful and inclined to exaggerate the difficulties of life, then it is necessary to undergo a course of psychotherapy and learn to cope with the influx of depressive thoughts.
How to identify depression?
As a disease that has a shortage of certain mediators in the brain, depression has clearly defined characteristics. We list them:
- loss of appetite;
- a man constantly feels tired;
- exaggerated sense of worthlessness;
- unwillingness to talk with anyone;
- alienation from loved ones;
- apathy, there is no point in interest;
- the world around is losing color to the person.
With her attitudes, the woman, as it were, drives herself intothis dark corner. And if you do not work with your thoughts, then the situation will continue to deteriorate. A negative woman can also lose a child. It is necessary to include reflection - to be aware of your attitudes and to change them to the opposite.
First and second trimester
According to statistics, women are more likely to sufferdisorder, like depression. They are more suspicious, receptive to emotions and hard to endure quarrels with close people. Hormonal reorganization and various fears trigger the mechanism of depression, a woman feels that she can not cope with anything, her stomach made her ugly, and her husband may already be looking for another. Such thoughts are terrible for a woman.
Close and girlfriends should support at this time, connect to some kind of activity, interest in new books and films.
What is the risk of depression during pregnancy? The first trimester is dangerous because even many herbs, known as sedatives, are contraindicated, since they can cause miscarriages. Also forbidden are baths with aroma oils, used in the case of neuroses and depressions. The woman will have to rely solely on psychotherapy and self-hypnosis.
In those cases when there are risks of an unsuccessful outcome of pregnancy, despair is also not worth it. It is necessary to hope for the best. After all, probability is not a fait accompli.
Depression during pregnancy also developsbecause of quarrels with her husband, or even more so if the man refused to raise his child. Then a woman as soon as possible should start a course of psychotherapy and restore activity and cheerfulness of the spirit. After all, it will be twice as difficult.
Depression during pregnancy. Third trimester. How to cope with panic?
Most of the gestational period is behind. You are in the third trimester. For what reasons can panic and depression develop at this time? Depression during pregnancy in the third trimester is often associated with fear of childbirth. Especially if the woman first passes this experience. Fight with fears help courses for pregnant women. At such courses, a woman will find support and learn how to give birth and how to prepare her body for this test.
Additional information from reliable sourcesalways helps to better understand future events and correctly mentally adjust to them. It is useful to read the books of outstanding obstetrician-gynecologists during this period, consult your gynecologist, seek support on forums on the Internet. However, do not allow yourself to be intimidated by those who experience the first birth was unsuccessful. Most likely, everything will be fine for you.
Influence of the emotional state of the pregnant woman on the fetus
Whatever causes of depression during pregnancy, a woman can not drop her hands. Not in this situation. The depression of the mother is fraught with several negative consequences:
- the child can be born already with emotional disturbances;
- the newborn will have low weight and poor health;
- spontaneous abortion.
A woman should understand that now sheis responsible not only for his health, but also for the well-being of the baby inside her. You can not refuse to eat, go out and all the time to mope. To go out and breathe fresh air she needs every day for 2-3 hours.
Perhaps a child will be emotional for a womansupport and support when he grows up. It is better to think about it, and not be sad because of temporary difficulties and troubles. The most important task at this time is to take care of the child knowing from the womb that he is coveted for this family. All that a woman and her environment should experience is how to get out of depression during pregnancy.
If the future mother in connection with the disagreements onwork or at home feels an overabundance of negative emotions inside, she can yell and break a couple of plates if you want. A brief burst of emotion will not hurt the baby. Although it is better to relieve tension by special gymnastics or yoga.
But a long stressful state, which leads to a loss of enthusiasm and shakes the psyche - it's already bad for both mother and fetus.
Of course, the depressed future motherneeds support. Girlfriends of a pregnant woman do not always have specialized knowledge in the field of psychology, and their advice can not be taken seriously. But their good disposition still needs to be appreciated.
Friends do not always know that you can say thatit is impossible. For example, a person in such a depressed state does not need to offer "to pull himself together". Or say a phrase like "throw it out of your head." Such phrases only spoil the relationship between people, since it's simply impossible to get together with apathy. It's useless to talk about understanding. If a person has not experienced depression, he can not understand how difficult the other is. All that can be done is delicately suggest walking through and talking. But it is better to speak at such times with a psychologist.
What to do with depression?
If you know that not everything is in order, howpeople calm you, and gradually develop depression during pregnancy, what to do? To overcome the situation, you need to contact a specialist. Independently it is very difficult to look at yourself and your reactions objectively. The psychologist, knowing that you are pregnant, will try to find a way out of the situation without the use of antidepressants. There are many ways to add to your days of joy and learn to love life. So, what is needed?
- Observe the regime of the day very strictly. Do not let me stand up later on Saturday. It is better to get up with the first rays of the sun and to occupy yourself with a favorite thing.
- Excellent therapeutic effect is swimming. It is worth to enroll in the pool.
- Get a parrot if there is no allergy to fluff. Parrots are funny and get on well with people. And he will not bring harm to a child born.
- To be interested in something new. For example, start learning another language or go to drawing courses.
- It is useful to do yoga for pregnant women.
- Ask your husband to take you to the zoo or to some fascinating show. It is good for you to spend time together and establish a warm relationship.
In many cases, you have to force yourselfsomething to be interested. The morning should begin with a squeezed smile. Even if at first the face with a distorted smile in the mirror seems unnatural and stupid. It is necessary to give a signal to the brain that "everything is OK!". Then there will be an appetite and a desire to go out and communicate.
Depression during pregnancy is not the besta way to show love for your man. Remember that your husband still needs your attention. Depression in the first trimester, he can still move, but all nine months of your irreconcilable hostility to him and to the world, a man can not stand and leave. It's too hard for him.
Depression during pregnancy - in the secondtrimester and, probably, in the third - sometimes it is treated with antidepressants, because a woman should take active care of herself during this period, plan her life after childbirth, look for a good maternity home and so on. And antidepressants act faster than the methods of psychotherapy.
What kinds of antidepressants are suitable for women in the situation?
- serotonin reuptake inhibitors (selective) (SSRIs);
- inhibitors (selective) seizures of serotonin and norepinephrine (IOZNS);
- tricyclic antidepressants.
Sometimes give "Bupropion". This type of medication is prescribed when selective inhibitors do not give the desired result. But this is not the best option for pregnant women.
Other drugs, such as inhibitorsmonoamine oxidase, are completely contraindicated. They cause a delay in the development of the embryo. "Paroxetine" from the SSRI group leads to defects in the development of the heart muscle. And his psychiatrist, too, has no right to appoint.
Nevertheless, remember that you need to cope withdepression in other ways. Antidepressants are extreme measures, if absolutely bad and restless. But it's better to go out into nature, to walk more in the air, especially if the pregnancy happened in the spring or summer.
How do SSRIs work?
No antidepressant acts on the embryoOK. It is best to let the fetus develop naturally. But sometimes a woman can neither eat nor sleep, since she does not have enough serotonin - a hormone of joy. Therefore, drugs are needed to ensure that the hormone is enough, at least in order to fall asleep.
Serotonin seizure inhibitors are the newestpreparations of the 3rd generation, which are created to protect people as much as possible from negative consequences. Their action is to lengthen the period during which the mediator acted on nerve cells. With it, neuroses, panic attacks, anxiety and depression are treated.
How to deal with depression during pregnancy? Take your own pill? In no case. Only by appointment of a psychiatrist.
Folk wisdom to help a pregnant woman
A pregnant woman should know what herbs are forbidden to hertake in the gestational period. This motherwort, lavender, plantain. Forbidden yarrow, St. John's wort and aloe. Sage is suitable for mouthwash, but it hurts blood circulation in the placenta. You can not drink it. Valerian, which is usually calmed down, can cause a severe headache in a pregnant woman.
The best option for raising lifeenergy is to eat healthy food. Oranges in the morning, juices, dried fruits. You can mix honey, nuts and dried fruits and eat a few spoons a day.
You can eat cheese and chocolate containing tryptophan. This food will help increase the production of serotonin. Cheese (but not moldy) can be consumed in any quantities. However, with chocolate, the pregnant woman should be extremely careful. Eat orange products - tangerines, carrots, pumpkin. Some scientists read, it helps to tune in to joy. Also useful in small quantities are lemons and grapefruits. Depression during pregnancy (second trimester), if not too neglected, can be cured by itself after the establishment of a schedule of work and rest and the introduced diet.
You can not only cheer yourself up with food. Listening to your favorite songs and dancing is also saved from depression. A little warm-up in the mornings and hard work at home are even necessary. If a woman is forbidden to do anything, she will develop depression from a lack of motor activity.
The Benefits of Communication
In a period of depression and apathy, you can notstay alone at home. Go on reading poetry to the club of poets or to a concert of your favorite band. Try to find at least something that will interest you and give a charge of vivacity to continue working on yourself.
Be sure to go through a course of psychotherapy. Depression during pregnancy, the second especially its trimester, is also dangerous because it takes away the opportunity to establish an emotional relationship between the mother and the embryo. Namely at this time it is important to speak kindly to the child.
How will the psychologist help you? The specialist will develop a plan of work with you, tell you how to improve your mood, dispel fears. And then the main stage of "transformation" of negative attitudes into positive ones will begin.
If for a long time, the question is,how to cope with depression during pregnancy, it is necessary to find a family psychologist. Working with a specialist will help to overcome all fears about the future, and by the time the delivery time comes, a woman is usually morally ready for all possible events after the course of psychotherapy. And only in critical situations the doctor prescribes the safest antidepressants.