One of the most popular breeds of dogs in the presenttime is a labrador. Description of the breed makes it clear that these pets have a very mild and faithful disposition. They can become the best friend to the owner and all his household members. Very sociable and playful, dogs of this breed will easily find a common language with any person or animal.
Not particularly knowing how to exercise protective qualities,Labradors perfectly cope with hunting for game. Actually, for the sake of this purpose, these dogs were bred. But recently many inexperienced breeders of this breed, not having skills and knowledge of the bases of breeding dogs and trying to cash in on it, are chasing not for the quality of the puppies being born, but for their quantity. This leads to a deterioration in the breeding qualities and blurring of the typical features of the breed.
History of the appearance of the breed
At the beginning of the XIX century, seamen from Europe discoveredbreed Labrador Retriever on the Canadian island of Newfoundland. The indigenous inhabitants used these dogs to hunt birds. The very name "retriever" speaks for itself. It means "feeding game". Perhaps this explains the warm love of these dogs to the water.
First these dogs were named after the Canadianthe capital of St. John's, but in the English environment this tradition did not take root. The British more like the name "Labrador", which originated from the name of the Canadian provincial city of Labrador. The dog (description, character of the breed) very vividly reflects the microclimate of this place, being a kind of metaphor.
In the middle of the XIX century in Britain were importedrepresentatives of this breed, who are very fond of not only inveterate hunters for intelligence and endurance, but also ordinary people. They became their pets.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the breed was registered in the Kennel Club in Britain. Initially, all Labradors were black. Now the colors of representatives can vary from light beige to chocolate.
In the same XX century the breed began to spread in theAmerica, where it was popular with wealthy layers of society, such as actors, politicians and pop stars. The main purpose of Labradors - hunting - was forgotten, and they became just domestic dog-danders, bringing joy and comfort to the house.
Labrador Retriever or Golden Retriever?
Many people believe that the Labrador Retriever andA golden retriever is one and the same breed. But this is a delusion. Not every similar dog can be a true representative of such a proud family as labradors. Description of the breed, nature, testimonials and dignity indicate that between these seemingly similar dogs there are significant differences. The owners, who had the representatives of both breeds at the same time or at different times, reported that these dogs are completely different, not only outwardly, but also in terms of behavior. The nature and temperament of these animals are very different.
By origin, the Labrador Retriever is a nativethe Canadian island of Newfoundland. The appearance of the golden retriever originates in aristocratic England, where he served as a companion on the hunt and a chic decoration of the palace.
As for the external differences, here the breeders take the following as a basis:
- Labrador has a black, light and chocolate color. His golden brother in this respect, so to speak, is more diverse - he can have wool of different shades, from very light to dark.
- Labradors' wool is not long, rough enough, it has a special water-repellent wax coating. The woolen coat of the golden retriever can be quite long and wavy.
- The tail is one of the main differences between the twovarieties. In Labrador it is smooth-haired, thickening at the base. At the golden retriever it is well pubescent and hanging downward like a half feather.
- The Labrador's head is much larger in size and has a more massive jaw, since it was hatched for hunting large prey, whereas the golden retriever had to hunt small game.
- Labrador sheds all year round, golden retriever changes hair 2 times a year.
In addition to external differences, experienced owners distinguish and behavioral, which include the following:
- The Labrador is more emotional than the restrained golden retriever in English.
- High energy Labradors is in contrast to the calm and tenderness of the golden retriever.
- Labrador is prone to rash impulsive actions, in contrast to a judicious and calm fellow.
Therefore, when choosing a friend, it is necessary to understand the differences between the two species and to have a pet suitable for the requirements and future living conditions.
Dogs of breed labrador have rather large sizes and powerful musculation. According to the standards, the height at the withers should vary from 55 cm to 63 cm. Distinctive features of the exterior are:
- Chunky long body.
- Broad chest.
- The ears hang slightly behind the head.
- Eyes are widely set.
- The muzzle is sufficiently elongated.
- Between the fingers there are small membranes.
- Broad at the base and tapering towards the end of the tail, which is compared with the tail of the otter.
- Short coarse wool, covered with wax coating. Thick and dense undercoat.
One of the subspecies of the labrador retriever isLabrador Longhair. The description of the breed says that such dogs were also bred on the island of Newfoundland. They were used more for transporting firewood, although they swam no worse than a short-haired fellow.
The average life expectancy of such dogs is 10-15 years.
Character and temperament
Great popularity with dog breedersdog labrador retriever. Description of the breed, the nature and soft nature of these creatures are very much appreciated by both family and lonely people. This is due to the high intelligence inherent in the representatives of this breed. As the reviews say, they subtly feel the mood of the owner and can easily adapt to it. Thus, a person who chooses Labrador's companions will never be lonely and bored.
In connection with these qualities, such dogs oftenthey are used as guides for the blind. Equilibrium and restraint inherent in the breed, they allow them to remain calm and not lose their temper in any, even the most stressful situations.
The high learning ability and good mind of dogs allow them to be involved in search and rescue operations. This breed proved to be very good at customs.
Owners of such dogs are sure that Labradors forright can be called the best friends and nannies for young children. The hosts share their impressions of careful care and attentive unobtrusive control, which their retrievers surround the kids.
Dog owners who have more than one pet in the house,argue that Labradors get along well with other animals, even with cats. They will never get into the fray first and do not hurt the creature, inferior to them in size.
Inveterate hunters admire yet anotherthe advantage of the breed is the so-called soft mouth. This means that the dog can carry any object, even a chicken egg, in its mouth without damaging it at all.
Judging by the nature of the Labrador retriever, the description of the breed,reviews, flaws are very few. To the main negative quality of such dogs, the breeders are attributed to the fact that the dog's kindness can not be realized as guards. Therefore, if a dog needs a good caretaker and a property advocate, it is worth considering other options in selecting the breed for this purpose.
Other shortcomings arise from the lack of training and active life of the pet.
Features of the content in the apartment
In view of the activity and excessive energy,behavioral characteristics of the young Labrador Retriever and the description of the breed content is mainly to ensure long and frequent walks in the fresh air. Breeders claim that this is done to ensure that the dog invests the overpowering energy in games in the fresh air, thereby not damaging the owner's apartment.
For the same purpose, owners purchase toys for the pet. Also it is necessary to try to exclude contacts of the curious dog with household chemical goods and rosettes in order to avoid poisoning and electric shocks.
Labrador is very sociable, so the place for himshould be chosen in view of that the favorite could see from it the owners. Dog owners are advised not to put a box for him or to make a booth. It is quite suitable for a couch just a soft mat or mattress.
Care for hair, eyes and ears
As well as representatives of other breeds, it hastheir individual characteristics and difficulties in content and labrador. Description of the breed, reviews of breeders indicate that one of the problems with the maintenance of such dogs is the care of the coat, since when it falls out, it remains everywhere: on furniture, on clothes, on dishes. Owners call this trouble quite significant, in addition, get rid of it is not very simple.
Basically, retrievers do not need bathing, theyand they themselves are clean enough. But it happens that as a result of active walks in rainy weather the dog has to be washed. To achieve gloss and the effect of shiny hair, it is recommended to rub the pet with talcum powder. But it should be done in the open air, so that the dog does not inhale the powder.
With moult, some dog breeders struggle withthe usual vacuum cleaner. If you accustom the puppy to this procedure from childhood, in the future it will even bring him pleasure. A good effect gives combing of wool.
Love Labradors to water can not playthe last role in getting rid of unwanted hair. Owners of dogs of this breed argue that regular bathing in the reservoirs significantly reduces the moulting period.
Breeders of show dogs with breedingvalue should be particularly careful when caring for the hair. Some procedures can spoil the appearance of the dog. For example, retrievers of chocolate or dark color can not stay in the sun for a long time, otherwise the wool can burn out and acquire an undesirable shade. Also, you can not use some types of brushes for combing - this can lead to a decrease in the quality of the wool.
Every day you need to gently wipe the dog's eyes with a wet cotton swab. If uncharacteristic discharge is noticed, it is necessary to visit the doctor immediately.
Ears, if necessary, wipe with a damp cotton swab. Do not immerse it too deeply, otherwise there is a risk of damaging the tender covers.
If necessary, many dog breeders cut their claws with special scissors.
Choice of diet
No matter how mobile and energetic the labrador was,characteristics and description of the breed indicate that its representatives are gluttonous and almost omnivorous. They can eat everything indiscriminately and in countless quantities. Because of this, many owners complain of a pet digestive disorder, the appearance of excess weight and other unpleasant problems.
Therefore, the responsible owner must carefullyto monitor the diet of the pet, in order to avoid obesity and health problems. The food should be balanced and regular. If there is no possibility to cook constantly for the retriever, it is possible to use ready-made super-premium foods, where the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals is collected to ensure the full life of the dog. The choice of such food should be carried out on the basis of recommendations of the veterinarian.
Dogs should be fed into strictly defined time, not to violate the regime to which they need to be taught from childhood. The dosage of the feed is calculated according to the weight of the Labrador and the instructions on the package.
If the owner chooses natural food for the pet, then it should also be well balanced. Do not feed the dog with food from the table.
The diet of a Labrador Retriever must necessarily include such products as:
- Meat (beef, lamb, poultry). You can give it raw or cooked. Fat must necessarily be cut. By-products, kidneys, lungs, liver, etc. should be given only in cooked form.
- The fish should be only marine, the bone needs to be removed. It is better to cook it before feeding. You can give and raw, but there is a risk of infection of the dog with helminths.
- Cereals suit any, but remember that the pearl barrel is poorly digested, and oatmeal can cause allergy.
- Sour-milk products (kefir, cheese, cottage cheese). Milk is not recommended for dogs.
- Eggs. To feed Labrador use only raw yolk, which can be mixed in porridge or vegetables.
- Vegetables (carrots, cabbage, beets, zucchini). Before you treat the pet, you need to grind them.
In winter, it is necessary to give additional vitamins to the pet. According to the doctor's recommendations, it is necessary to perform deworming periodically.
Adult dogs should be fed strictly twice inday. But puppies eat more often. Up to two months of age, they should be fed 6 times a day. Before reaching 5 months - 5 times a day. Six months old animals eat 4 times a day. After 7 months and up to a year you need to feed 3 times a day.
Despite the fact that Labradors are able to eat anything, there are a number of products that are strictly forbidden for them:
- Salted, smoked, fried, fatty and spicy foods.
- Too hot or cold food.
- Flour products.
- Dishes of legumes.
- Sausage products.
- Pork or any other fatty meat.
- Tubular bones.
- Stale food.
Anyone wishing to have such a pet shouldin advance learn all about the lab, the description and characteristics of the breed, and, of course, the features of the diet. Correctly selected food or a balanced menu of natural products will provide a healthy and long life for your pet.
Before you get a puppy of a Labrador breed, you must first prepare everything for him, orient yourself with the feeding, buy toys for him, and arrange a couch.
Experienced breeders say that educationRetriever should be dealt with from the very first days, as soon as you bring it into the house. Then the puppy immediately understands who is the master, what can and what can not be done on its territory. If the baby tries to take over the person, it is necessary to immediately stop these attempts. But the owners of these dogs claim that the Labrador puppies very rarely try to dominate the virtue of a good-natured character.
Some breeders prefer to drive a dog toprofessional cynologists, but then they themselves are convinced that the labradors are quite easy to master, so even an inexperienced master can teach them the main commands.
Possible health problems
For each breed of dogs, their risks are inherentoccurrence of diseases. With proper care and annual preventive examinations can prevent the emergence of many ailments. Breeders call a list of the most common health problems Labradors, which include:
- Dysplasia of the joints.
- Panosteit (they are most often affected by young fast-growing dogs).
- Cataract, diseases of the retina of the eye.
- Ulcers on limbs from frequent licking.
- Epilepsy (very rare).
Like all living things, retrievers are prone to infections and viruses. To prevent such misfortunes, healthy dogs are vaccinated. The vaccination schedule should be prescribed by a veterinarian.
Choosing a puppy
Experienced breeders warn that, beforehow to start choosing a pet, you need to consider all the advantages and disadvantages of keeping a dog, get the consent of all family members in order to prevent further betrayal of a living being and create conditions for a happy and healthy life for him.
When choosing a breeding animal,pay attention to the breeder's rating. It would be ideal to see his parents. When choosing a floor, you need to be guided by your preferences, as females and males have somewhat different habits and habits.
When choosing a color, you can also be guided bytheir preferences. Previously, it was fashionable to get black representatives of the breed, now preference is given to the light, although the dark ones still continue to be in demand.
As for the cost, it canwidely vary and depend on the club, pedigree, tribal qualities. For the Labrador Retriever price (a description of the breed will help you to orient in quality) can start from 20,000 rubles. and end 60 000-80 000 rubles.
One of the main conditions for choosing a puppy dog breedersconsider not the breeding qualities and not the value of the dog, but the intuition of the potential host and its compatibility with the animal. After all, a person chooses his best friend and companion for many years.