In connection with the tendency to increase the payment of utility billsservices in the sphere of housing and communal services, many of our fellow citizens are thinking about the arrangement of their own private dwelling on the land. Naturally, many people have a question about how it is more economical for their own budget to build this very dwelling, so that it is comfortable, convenient, accessible, and, moreover, there was no need to get into impassive bank loans.
So, what do we mean by filler? It includes slag, expanded clay, gypsum, crushed stone, screening of gravel, gravel, sawdust, brick waste (called "chamotte"), perlite, ash and others.
The biggest mistake of many who are mistaken forthe manufacture of cinder blocks by one's own hands is that in order to save time, formwork is quickly formed from the boards, the solution is poured into it, and when the bottom layer hardens, they pass higher. With such a pouring inside the walls there are no voids, which, as we know, are necessary for better thermal insulation. As a result, in winter such houses, garages or any other structures, freeze.
So, if we love ourselves or our loved ones"iron horses", and we will save heat energy inside the constructed premises, then let's take for the rule: the manufacture of slag blocks should be conducted with voids. First, it will be warmer; secondly, the solution itself will be less needed, rather than at the same size, but without voids. The solid blocks are suitable only for laying the foundation. I think it sounds convincing.
The next important step is to preparemixture. It is possible to compose scientifically. And you can by eye. The most optimal variant of the ratio of cement: 1 to 8 or 1 to 9. Water is needed so much that the solution turned out to be tough.
First, we put the blanker, then we put the shape on top, which we subsequently fill with the solution. Good tampers. We turn around. The block is ready.
We were all children, and we remember well how we playedsandbox. Also filled the molds with raw sand, and then turned over. The shape was neatly removed, and the shape of the sand repeated the selected plastic figure. The production of slag blocks is carried out according to the same principle. A lot of water - it will not work out - will dissolve, little - it will fall apart, it will be poorly tamped - the solution does not completely repeat the form.
Well and at last. Do not forget that the cement finally penetrates only after 28-30 days. When manufactured at home, it is desirable to add a plasticizer in the amount of 5 mg per block. This will give plasticity to the entire mortar. Do not forget that when laying such blocks you need to stack them with voids down.