Lovers of delicious dishes from meat and fish, friedon open fire or coals, certainly would like to build in their yard or in the gazebo a building such as a barbecue. The most reliable and convenient to use are brick versions of this stove equipment. There are many projects for barbecue and barbecue. The choice of a particular depends primarily on the purpose for which the structure is intended.
What is a barbecue grill?
Types of oven equipment designed forfrying food on fire, in fact there is a huge amount. According to the principle of work barbecue barbecue is practically no different. And there and there cooking takes place on coals, in both cases there is a chimney, etc. Just now barbecue or barbecue-barbecue is usually called whole furnace complexes. They, among other things, can include plates, cauldrons, countertops, fireplaces, grills, sinks, chopping tables, etc. Mangal is usually a stand-alone structure with only a chimney. The only thing that is added to such stove equipment is the wood dowel.
Also, designers often name the structureMangal in the event that the chimney at it is partially blocked. With this design, the food will not only be roasted, but also slightly roasted. At the barbecue, the smoke stroke is completely open.
Variety of projects
There are actually many kinds of furnace equipment of this type. The most popular among the owners of suburban areas are the following mangal-barbecue projects:
- With two worktops on both sides. In one of them is usually built in a sink.
- With an oven for cooking ordinary food.
- With kazan - a construction for cooking pilaf.
- With a grill.
Often the complex includes all listedelements. Well, of course, any barbecue grill is complemented by a wood dowel. Complexes can have the usual linear or L-shaped form. Most often they are installed in arbors. In any case, a canopy over them is arranged necessarily.
Construction of the structure
A BBQ barbecue is prepared using the order. To date, there is simply a huge number of such schemes. Below for an example we present the most popular of them.
Of course, the brazier is being built on a solidfoundation. When installing a barbecue in the gazebo, it is necessary to comply with fire safety rules. The floor in front of the barbecue should be covered with heat-resistant material. The structure itself should be erected so that its walls are protected from the enclosing structures of the gazebo (if it is wooden) at least 20 cm. The chimney that passes through the roof is wrapped with an asbestos sheet. The foundations of the gazebo and barbecue are not connected.
How to write a project yourself
Next, consider how to build the simplestBBQ-barbecue made of bricks with their own hands (with a grill, with two table tops, a wood duster and a sink). When drafting such a structure, you first need to determine where it will be located. Choose the location should be so that the smoke from the pipe in the subsequent did not get into the windows of a residential house (your or neighbor's).
In the event that the brazier will be located in thearbor, in the first place it is he. This method is considered more convenient. Build a BBQ in a ready-made gazebo will be more difficult. The foundations of these structures are usually flooded simultaneously. When drafting a project, you first need to determine the size of the oven equipment. Most often in suburban areas a barbecue is built with a height of 1.7-1.8 m. The length of the complexes, taking into account the countertops, can be any. The width of the brazier is usually 45-50 cm, the height of the pedestal is 70-90 cm, the grill is 50-70 cm.
Substructure under construction
As a brick barbecue-barbecue - the building is quite heavy, the foundation under it is solid, tiled. Fill it in the following way:
- A pit is being dug out, the dimensions of which depend on the dimensions of the complex.
- At its bottom about 5 cm layer of sand is poured.
- Formwork is being established.
- Mounted reinforcing frame of 12 mm rod.
- The concrete mixture is poured (1x3).
After the mortar grabs and collects strength, the surface of the finished foundation is waterproofed with two layers of roofing material.
Masonry of a structure
Next, let's look at how the actualbarbecue is being built. At the first stage, over the waterproofing of the foundation, a playground made of bricks is laid out solidly. In the future, it will serve as the bottom of the dowel.
Further the masonry is carried out according to the chosen order. For a wood dumpler, a smokehouse, a countertop and a chimney, you can use ordinary bricks. It is better to lay a firewall out of fireclay material with the use of clay mortar.
Supports under the countertops rise simultaneouslywith a woodlander, making up a single structure with it. The bottom of the furnace is laid out along the steel corners. At the same stage, you can also lay out one of the table tops in the same way. Instead of corners and bricks it is allowed to use a concrete slab. That countertop, which will be installed in the sink, it is better to then simply cover with a metal sheet with a hole cut out under the sink.
The front edge of the "trough" under the coals is usuallyraise on two rows of bricks. The walls of a fireplace such as a barbecue grill are raised to a height of approximately 70 cm (13 rows of bricks). Sometimes in them over the "trough" metal hooks are mounted. In the future, they are attached to a removable skewer for grilling. The first row of the front wall of the chimney is also laid out on a corner or reinforced concrete beam. Then the masonry gradually narrows. From above the chimney is best covered with a metal "umbrella" or simply a visor. At the final stage, a sink is installed in the steel plate of the second table-top.
How to make clay
The barbecue can be built, as already mentioned, and on cement mortar. However, the bottom and walls of the furnace are usually collected on the basis of a clay mixture. It is prepared as follows:
- Clay is soaked with water in a barrel the day before the start of work.
- A day later it is mixed with a construction mixer. Water is added in such quantity that the solution of a consistence of liquid (magazinnoj) sour cream is received.
- 8 liters of clay are poured into a container.
- Then add two buckets (10 liters) of sifted fine mountain sand.
- The mixture is poured a little more (liters of 5) of water, and everything is thoroughly mixed.
In the resulting solution, you need to add a little (1 kg) of heat-resistant glue for stoves and fireplaces (you can take the "Prefix").
What you need to know about
The method described above makes it possible to prepare verya good solution, perfectly suitable for the construction of a structure such as a barbecue grill, with their own hands. However, the proportions indicated above are approximate. The fact is that clay in different localities can have different fat content. The resulting solution should be tested. To do this, a small amount of it is typed on a trowel and the last one is turned over. The solution should not fall down. Then the trowel is turned vertically. At the same time, the solution should slowly slip. If the mixture falls during a coup, then it lacks clay. If it does not drain off the trowel, put it in vertically, you need to add a little sand to it.
As you can see, erect a brick BBQ barbecue(photo of the most popular projects are presented in the article) at the dacha with their own hands is quite possible. The main thing is to think it over carefully when drafting a project and to pick up a suitable order. Use the collected brazier can start no earlier than two weeks after the erection. Otherwise, the heating of the furnace can crack.