Scientists, historians, philosophers have always soughtto preserve and study the memory of past times. In order to make new discoveries, one must know the nature of things and phenomena. Cognition always precedes knowledge. The human mind is a universal intelligence, it is capable of mastering and understanding everything. But in order to make discoveries, you need to have a base. The larger it is, the more opportunities for improvement.
Gods in the life of Hellenes
The ancient Greeks knew this. No wonder the Hellenic culture gave humanity such a large number of remarkable monuments of literature and art. From antiquity, we got not only deep spiritual knowledge from the field of natural and human sciences, imprinted in literature, but also a real representation of the highest civilization of that time. Since the sixteenth century BC, the Greeks professed polytheism, that is polytheism. They built temples, installed altars, where they sacrificed in the form of the best animals, selected fruits, as well as milk, cheese, wine, expensive utensils. The victims were brought as gratitude on the occasion of joyous events, when they wanted to receive protection from danger or for blessing on a new cause. For resolving disputes, the gods were also addressed.
In the pantheon especially revered and loved wasgoddess of memory - Titanide Mnemosyne. The legacy left by the ancient Greeks shows that the Greeks were widely educated in the most diverse sciences. Where did they draw their knowledge and inspiration for work? Momozina was the first assistant in such affairs. The daughter of Earth and Heaven - Gaia and Uranus, she lived in the mountain world and knew earthly problems. The goddess of memory in Greek mythology possessed the ability to extract from the past long-forgotten events. She also attributed the ability to foresee the future. This suggests that the inhabitants of Ancient Greece understood the relationship between past and present events, as well as their influence on shaping the future. The goddess of memory gave names to objects and phenomena, and also arranged them, led to the system. The art of remembering, called mnemotechnics, came to us just from those times. The Greek goddess of memory left an inheritance, which, not being aware of this, we use to this day.
Muses - daughters of Mnemon
Mnemosyne conquered with her beauty the passionate andloving Zeus. To it he appeared in human form. The main god of Olympus seduced the Titanide, pretending to be just a shepherd. Nine consecutive nights, Zeus shared a bed with a beautiful goddess. The fruit of this union was the nine muses - patrons of universals, that is, arts. The legend says that the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyns taught people to see and understand the beauty of the surrounding world, and their mother, the goddess of memory, helped to display her enthusiasm in the earthly, human embodiment. The muse inherited from his father, a powerful, energetic and purposeful supreme god, such traits as enthusiasm, assertiveness, even in some sense obsession. Choosing the right person for themselves, they endowed him with a talent that insistently demanded an exit, realization, so to speak, inspired by ideas. Then the Muses opened people access to their mother - Mnemosyne, from which they received the necessary knowledge to translate these ideas into reality.
To find the answer, you need to forget the superfluous
The ritual was as follows. In order to clear his consciousness of excess, the oracle was washed by the water of the river of oblivion - Lethe. Then followed the immersion in the waters of the river Mnemosyne. In the cave through which they flowed, a throne was built, which was invisibly occupied by the goddess of memory. Very often during the action of the prophetic, there was a horror that released him only after a new immersion into oblivion. After that, he could not remember and repeat what he said in a state of ecstasy. For this reason, the ritual required the presence of third parties. The goddess of memory in Greek mythology was not only remembering, but also forgetting. Ability to observe, fix minor and minor details, highlight the most significant, analyze, build the main storyline - this is what poets, actors, musicians, scientists and philosophers received from Mnemosyne.
The Image of Mnemosyne in Art
Of the ancient works of art that capturedMnemosyne, you can call an elegant marble statue in the Vatican and a mosaic panel made of multi-colored pieces of enamel, depicting a sketch of the myth of one of the most beautiful goddesses of antiquity. It is located in the Antiochian Museum of Greco-Roman mosaic. Hesiod and Ovid preserved the memory of the goddess in her refined and refined verses.
In the new era, people of art also do not forgetlegends about the goddess of reason and memories, as they also call Mnemosyne. Frederic Leighton depicted her sitting on the throne in the picture "Mnemosyne - mother of the Muses". It is wrapped in a loose toga, and on its head lies a wreath of laurel leaves. Smooth lines, soft contours and palette of warm colors in his view best correspond to the image of a kind and wise mother of nine charming daughters. Her pensive and detached gaze seemed to be directed through time and space into an unknown infinity.
On the canvas of the English Pre-Raphaelite Rossettithe goddess of Mnemozin's memory stands in a light tunic of emerald color, which emphasizes the beauty of golden-chestnut hair that once conquered Zeus. In her hand she has a memory lamp. Green eyes Mnemosyns calmly and concentratedly look directly, as if piercing through you.
Maybe we should not go deep into the distanthistory? The modern rapid rhythm of life practically leaves no time for thoughtful contemplation. However, having discarded the old artifacts as irrelevant, we risk at some point to be plunged into the Stone Age, at the time of the birth of human civilization, and we will have to start to re-acquire the experience that is very frivolously lost.