The goddess of the life of the Slavs - Zhiva, the Egyptians, the Romans and the Greeks - Isis or Isis. About it and will be discussed in the article.
Archetype of Isis
The goddess Isis is portrayed as a woman in a headdress in the form of a throne. It has an Egyptian origin, but over time its cult has spread throughout the Greco-Roman world.
The goddess of life Isis belongs to the categorygreat mother goddesses and is revered as an ideal wife. It is identified with fertility and is the defender of women, artisans, sinners and oppressed.
The goddess of eternal life of Isis is the highest expression of a kindred soul with the conscious use of female power, love and mysticism.
Isis - the great goddess of motherhood and fertility inEgyptian mythology. Her cult comes from the Nile delta. The Goddess has many talents, but the main one is the manifestation of female power through will and compassion.
Isis was born in the swamps of the Nile in one of thethe first days of the creation of the world. She is the first daughter of Hebe, the god of the earth, and Nut is the goddess of Heaven. Isis taught women to grind grain, weave flax, weave it and tame men in family life. Isis lived with her brother Osiris, the god of the waters of the Nile and its flora. Upon reaching adulthood, they got married. Their union was happy and harmonious. The young devoted all their days to the perception and management of the world. By combining their efforts, the gods sent grace to their native Egyptian land and to the fertile waters of the Nile. At night, the divine couple indulged in amorous pleasures, and nothing in this world could interfere with their union.
People worshiped and loved Osiris and Isis. All except their envious brother Seth. He decided to overthrow their rule. To do this, Seth killed Osiris, hiding his body in a stone coffin. Later, a large beautiful tree will grow from it. The goddess Isis after the news of the death of her husband was killed by grief. She cut her long beautiful hair, tore her clothes, mourning the loss of her husband. Seeking the body of her lover, Isis went to Phenicia, where Queen Astarte took her to herself out of pity. Thus, the goddess Isis became the nurse of the future prince at the royal court.
Ishida took care of the child. But one day she put the boy in a firebox, where he was found by an angry queen. Isis opened her magical abilities to her, and the future prince became immortal that day. The Queen Mother, in turn, showed the goddess a place where there was a tamarind tree growing out of the body of the god Osiris. Then Isis decided to bury her lover. This was learned by her brother Seth. He chopped the body of Osiris into twelve pieces and scattered them throughout Egypt.
The Resurrection of Osiris
Ishida, having turned into a bird, flew over her ownthe earth in search of the remains of her husband. Combining the found fragments with wax with the help of Anubis, she discovered the absence of the body of Osiris genital organ. Isis made a new instrument of love from gold and wax and completed the collection of the remains of her deceased husband.
Subsequently, thanks to his magical powers,The goddess of life and health revived Osiris for a short time. This allowed her to conceive a son from him. The goddess gave the boy the name of Horus. A born child wore a falcon's head. He was born a strong and powerful god, who later avenged Seth for the death of his father.
This myth played an important role in the Egyptian culture. It was believed that the flood of the Nile River - is the tears that Isis sheds about the deceased Osiris.
Worship the goddess
Isis is considered one of the most famous andrevered goddesses in the Mediterranean basin. From the Ptolemaic era, the worship of the goddess - the symbol of the bride, mother, fertility and patron saint of seafarers, spread to the Hellenistic world, and from there to Rome. It was there that the cult of the goddess acquired a mystical coloring. This is the fault of Isis's connection with the other world.
At birth in Egypt, the goddess was named Au Seth,which means "soul" in Egyptian. But the Greek colonizers, distorting the pronunciation, spread the cult of Isis worship from the Nile Delta to the banks of the Rhine. So the name of the goddess Isis (Isis) became known to the whole world.
During the development of the Roman Empire, the cult of the goddesseternal life and health expressed in lush celebrations and processions through the streets of cities. The priestesses of the goddess wore white clothes and decorated her hair with numerous flowers. Hence, the cult of chastity worship begins, because white color is identified with purity and innocence.
In the more ancient version Osiris is identified with the Moon, and Isis - with nature. Therefore, its colors are green. But after the wedding, Isis became the wife of the moon god, because of her color changed to white.
The goddess who defeated death in the hope of returning her lover is capable of eliminating it with equal ease for followers of her faith.
Attributes of the goddess Isis
The goddess of life among the Greeks was a mother-nature. She fought for peace and tried to resist natural disasters. With Isis identified two aspects: the moon and nature. Her name is often interpreted as knowledge and wisdom. The innate ability to follow the nature of things is characterized as the inevitable mutual development of relationships. It is the wisdom of the instinct that the goddess possessed.
Isis is often portrayed with a child in his arms. The baby is the result of the love of the goddess and the reincarnation of his beloved husband. During the period of mourning, the goddess of eternal life was dressed in black robes, like a black maiden from the shrine of Europe, the goddess of healing. The statues of the black Isis have another meaning. As a shadow of the moon, in search of the missing husband, the goddess desperately wants to reunite with him.
The famous veil of Isis
The colorful veil of Isis has a resemblance to the famous Maya veil from ancient Indian philosophy. It represents several forms of nature, identified with the holy spirit.
A veil, or a veil, Isis is a form foreverthe changing element, whose beauty and tragedy constantly swim before the human eye. It includes images of trees, hills, the sea, people and their emotions. A person can only contemplate this picture, but he can not change it. This is the law of life.
The mortal who touched the veil of the goddess of life and health of Isis is rewarded with God's mercy and fortune.
Goddess of Life and Health in Ancient Greekmythology is often identified with a cow, between the horns of which the sun is enclosed, and also appears as a hawk or a woman with wings symbolizing the wind. In the winged form, it can be seen on the lids of the sarcophagi.
Image represents the act of making a new soullife. In other icons, she appears as a dressed woman holding a lotus flower - a symbol of fertility and power, as well as a woman breastfeeding a newborn son. Sometimes the symbol of the goddess of eternal life of Isis is the Egyptian knot of guns. The exact meaning of this detail of clothing is unknown, but there is an assumption that it identifies immortality.
In rituals celebrating Fertility Day duringthe procession before the image of the god Osiris was set up a pot or goblet filled to the brim with water. This symbol denoted the eternal and changeless change of generations. Also in primitive rituals one could see a torch designating a man, and a cup symbolizing a woman, like the ritual of conception of the heir Osiris and Isis.
- Animals representing the Greek goddess of life were a hawk, a scorpion, a crocodile, a snake.
- Plants: tamarind, flax, wheat, barley, grapes, lotus.
- Metals and stones: silver, gold, ebony, ivory, lapis lazuli, obsidian.
- Colors of Isis: silver, gold, black, red, blue and green.
Rituals of Isis
The main ritual of the goddess of Isis life wasthe revival of the beloved from the world of the dead. It contained the hope of resurrection. In ancient Egypt, a sacred ritual dedicated to this event was held every year. He was one of the most important religious rites of the country.