Blacksmithing for a long time was consideredthe privilege of real men. This process fascinates with its beauty and mystery, and the secrets of some masters of this matter are still puzzles and are kept in strict confidence. This is especially true for the manufacture of cold steel, which was previously produced in closed smithies under the guard of the guards.
Today, forging a knife at home has becomeis available to almost everyone, although the process itself will require some skill and availability of the tool. You can carry out such work on the balcony, where there is access to open air and the possibility to freely forge.
At home, forging knivesthe possibility of heating the metal on a gas stove or in the oven, but you can use small muffle furnaces or even burners. Still need a file, sandpaper, drill with a drill, tongs, emery stone and two hammers of different weights. Also should be stocked with metal. For a good forged knife suitable spring steel or flat file.
Work will have to work, heated to900 degrees, so you should take all the necessary security measures. It is also recommended to use an anvil or a metal disc, otherwise the knife will not be forged.
First, we take the workpiece from the metal andwarm it to red. This approximately will be a temperature of 900 degrees. Then, with the help of a large hammer, we begin to process it, so that as a result we have a bar of metal, equal in length to the future knife, and a thickness of several millimeters thicker than it. After that we again heat the preform.
Forging a knife usually begins with the part wherethere will be his pen. This will help to keep the forgings in the future. With a large hammer, we apply punches to give the knife the necessary appearance, and we flatten the workpiece along the plane with small ones and remove tension. Do not allow it to cool strongly, because then there is a risk of stratification or the appearance of chips.
Also it should be remembered that such a forging knife is notinvolves the destruction of the crystal lattice of the material, and therefore, it is necessary to give it a shape that is closest to the final product. This involves the formation of all elements of the blade and a clear spout.
After such processing, the knife is made with a file oron an emery wheel, but do not sharpen. He needs to pass through the quenching in the oil, which you need to do very carefully at home. The part is heated to a bright red color and placed in workmanship, where it is until completely cooled.
The next stage is the preparation of the scabbard forknife, handle nozzle and sharpening. Everyone here shows his talents and abilities. In the simplest version, the handle is made of a thick rope, wrapping it around, and the sheath is sewn from rough leather. In this case, not often threads, but copper or aluminum rivets are used. Sharpening is produced on emery or using a file.
Such a manufacturing knife by forging can be considered the most simple and affordable at home.