Pisanky own hands - painting on eggs - a tradition that goes back to ancient times.
The very first pisanka found was a stone egg, on which were inscribed various symbols.
A real unique art is the tradition of pysankawas recognized after the announcement of Fedor Vovka - anthropologist in 1874 in Kiev at the archaeological congress. Based on the album with images of Easter eggs, which was compiled by ethnographers Nikolai Sumtsov and Oscar Kolberg, the first catalog was created.
In ancient times the pysanka was near to the person throughout all life. In the cradle to the baby put pisanku, which the mother decorated during pregnancy. They gave her to the young for weddings, they remembered the deceased.
Painting pysanka - this is a real ceremony. The woman is painted pisanka with their own hands, secluded from all.Water for painting should be from seven sources, or taken on a combination of three streams. The work should take place at full concentration, the woman at the time of painting wishes good, health and luck to those for whom the pysankas are meant.
The greatest number of Easter eggs was created in spring, at the time
lncestonia.People believed that painting eggs in red at this time, they help the sun gain strength before the summer. These eggs were kept until the next spring, bearing in themselves the symbols of the future harvest: seeds and fruits, plants, images of the sun.
Nowadays the pysankas are embodied in the tradition of painting eggs in Easter.
Symbols on pysankas are images of well-being, fertility, health and family well-being.
"Male" pysanka carry the embodiment of wisdom, courage, strength. Plants - oak trees, signs of the sun and fire - "curtains", deer, crosses, "arrows of Perun", "windmills".
"Women's" are written for fertility and the discovery of female power: rose, bereguinja, star, etc.
We will bring in the family the symbols denoting a sown or plowed field - squares, triangles.
The symbol of the infinity of life, the constant revival of nature on pysankas are meanders.
For the Easter eggs the symbol of the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ is the cross. He is the axis of the world, the symbol of the World Tree, which connects all worlds.
Well, of course, color plays a significant role in working on pysanka: red - giving life, symbol of the sun, black - symbol of fertility, earth, green - symbol of trees, life, yellow - symbol of light.
Pisanky own hands create and in our time.
Everyone can learn the painting of the Easter eggs either on their own or by contacting professionals. In our time there are many master classes that are devoted to this issue.
But, if you decide to learn how to write pysanka yourself, then several recommendations will help you.
So, how to draw pisanka? You will need:
Cyst (special tool for painting)
Before work it is necessary to wash the egg. It will be more convenient to paint boiled: for this it is necessary to boil eggs in water (for two liters of water 1 table, a spoonful of salt). If you want the egg to be stored longer, make it hollow by blowing out the contents.
To create a pysanka with your own hands is bestuse natural colors. Green paint can be prepared from the leaves of nettle and lily of the valley, bark of buckthorn and ash. Yellow will come from the flowers of chamomile and onion husks. Red make of the seeds and flowers of St. John's wort, berries bird cherry. Black paint is prepared from the roots of alder. Brown paint can be obtained from the bark of an oak or apple-tree. To prepare the paint, it is necessary to pour the starting material for several hours in an enameled container. Water should be cold. After this, you need to boil everything on a slow fire: the bark is about 3 hours, leaves - forty, and flowers - thirty minutes. Decoction to filter, add alumokalievye alum (1 tsp). Keep the paint up to fourteen hours.
A tassel or pisach can be used in industrial production, or you can do it yourself (the description can be found on the Internet).
The process of staining: On the surface of the egg, a pencil drawing is applied, then a hot wax is applied on pencil marks. After the egg is lowered into the lightest of the paints used in the drawing. Next, a layer of wax goes again, and a darker paint, for example, is red. And so on until you get the picture you need. At the end, the egg is placed in the oven or holds over the candle for a few minutes, and the wax residues are removed with a napkin. Ready-made pysankas are wiped with sunflower oil, this will give a beautiful shine.
The whole family can be attached to the creation of Easter eggs. You can teach the younger generation how to do pysanka, thereby attaching them to the ancient Russian tradition.