As often, admiring the beauty of the forest or the river,I want to capture especially beautiful places and sketch them. The painting on which nature is painted is called a landscape. The easiest option is to take a notebook, a pencil and an eraser for a walk. Make a sketch from life, and at home draw the work with watercolor or pastel pencils. But before you draw nature, you need to get some knowledge of the technique of drawing.
In order for the landscape to be voluminous and to have depth, it is necessary to know the laws of perspective. The perspective is different, but first you need to remember the main types:
- Linear. Items of the same size, located at different distances from the artist, in the figure should have different sizes. The further the object is, the less it will be in the figure. In order to depict a linear perspective, we must draw a horizon line and denote the vanishing point on it, to which the lines in the picture will tend.
- Tonal. This kind of perspective artists owe to Leonardo da Vinci, it was he who justified its principles. By changing the direction of muffling the contrast, the tone and color of the object, you can remove it deep into the space in the picture.
- The air. When removing objects in the picture, their outlines become less distinct, the colors are muffled, the contrast decreases, and the background of the picture will look blurry, light and colder than the foreground.
Since it is possible to beautifully paint nature only if the proportions are correctly observed, this moment in the technique of drawing should also be well studied.
In order to get a sense of proportion,develop an eye. Exercises in drawing from nature necessarily will achieve this success. All objects in the picture must be commensurable with each other. Violation of proportions leads to distortion of the picture, and it can look ugly. The more accurate the proportions, the more similar the picture will be to the nature.
Before you paint nature, you shouldthink about what objects will be present in the picture. Select the main objects and the secondary ones. See how the colors of these objects are combined, and note the contrast between them. The main subject in the picture can be a lone tree, a picturesque house, or maybe a road that goes into the distance. Be sure to pay attention to the lighting and remember that the sun does not stand still, which means that the light and shadow will change their position during the drawing. Therefore, it is very important to make sure that the shadows on the picture are the same.
The texture of objects in the picture
Because the landscape includes a wide variety ofobjects, it is necessary to correctly transfer the materials from which they are made: a wooden or stone house, boulders and trees, sky and clouds, grass and bushes, water - all these objects need to be paid close attention. A great influence on the texture of the landscape is the seasons. In the summer, the crown of trees looks round, and in winter we see angular, bare branches. There is no need to draw out every leaf on a tree, yes it is impossible. It is much better to use light and shade and transmit the texture of grass or bushes with different strokes, while in the foreground you can select several objects with a more detailed drawing of the details.
How to draw a landscape from nature
First of all, you need to prepare all the necessary tools and materials:
- Notepad for drawing with a rigid base.
- Pencils for drawing of different rigidity.
- Soft rubber band (eraser).
- Watercolors or pastel crayons, you can take watercolor colored pencils.
- Brushes for paints.
- A bottle of water and a glass.
- Paper napkins.
- Folding chair (not always in nature you can find a convenient place to draw sitting).
Since it is easier to draw nature in stages,break the future picture into parts. See where the main objects will be located. Mark the horizon line, find the point of descent and outline the location of objects. To start working, you can try to paint nature in pencil. If the pencil sketch suits, you can continue to work with watercolor paints or pastel crayons.
Secrets from experienced artists for beginners
Many artists who have good experience in writing paintings, like to share their experience with students.
- Observe the tonality. Correctly draw a picture from a light tone to a dark one. In the daytime, the sky and the sun are the brightest objects of the picture. The following bright places are horizontals, they reflect the bright sky. The inclined surfaces are darker than the horizontal. The darkest parts of the picture are vertical surfaces, since the light from them is reflected much less.
- Watch the light. On a bright day, colors are more intense and warm, when it's overcast, everything becomes more muffled and dull.
- It is important to pay attention to the air perspective.
- Complex objects should be simplified in the drawing and do not overload the landscape with unnecessary elements.
- Create a green color yourself from yellow and blue paint.