Perhaps, to understand the main idea of the immortal novelDaniel Defoe and cover all the short content of the book "Robinson Crusoe" will help the thought of a completely different literary hero who lives many centuries later - Dr. Ravik from the "Triumphal Arch" Remarque. These are the words that whatever fate is, still it can not break the "calm courage" that opposes it.
Why an adventurer and politician, a bright journalist,pamphleteer and conspiratorial leader of British intelligence after opal and prison at 60 years of age creates an immortal "Robinson"? How could it happen that a man who in his secret career reached a period of influence on the king and the government ended his life in poverty? The author, a man who is inconsistent, constantly and actively interacting with the society, creates an amazingly internally intact literary hero, absolutely detached from all social life. Self-evaluation of the days spent by the paradoxical method "from the opposite" by Defoe himself, "Robinson Crusoe", draws its brief from reliable stories.
The basis for writing the book was the realthe story of pirate Alexander Selkirk, for disagreeing with the captain of a landed on the uninhabited island of Mas-a-Tierra, located in the Pacific Ocean at a distance of 670 kilometers from the coast of Chile. The disgraced corsair lived on the island for 4 years and 4 months.
What does the summary tell us about?Robinson Crusoe, a native of York, a Brazilian planter, having gone after black slaves, after a shipwreck is on an Atlantic island near the mouth of the Orinoco River. By means of a constructed raft, he manages to deliver carpentry tools, weapons, and edibles to the shore from a destroyed ship. Robinson has a reassessment of values. For him, the most expensive thing is an ax, a saw, a knife, and the gold that is taken from the ship on the island does not matter.
He remains alone with nature and climateisland. This is the plot of the plot, which is briefly described. Robinson Crusoe builds his cunning house-fortress, hidden behind a palisade, where to reach it is possible only by means of a ladder. Further, during the extraction of goat meat, he comes up with the idea of taming these animals. Soon, in addition to meat, he has milk and cheese. The present gift of the sky Robinson considers the accidentally sprouted grains of barley and rice, without any "back thought" simply shaken out with some garbage from the bags that are being released. Becoming involuntarily a breeder, a few years later he was able to plant a field that feeds him.
Pragmatic, "economic" approach to itsthe life of the main character has conditioned the whole book with a logical summary. Robinson Crusoe, thanks to consistent reasonable work, turns from an unfortunate, wrecked element of the wanderer into the owner of a sound natural economy. A real gift for him are the melons and grapes found on the island. Now he has plenty of raisins. His leisure is brightened up by three cats and a dog, miraculously surviving on a crashed ship. He begins to plan his day, allocating between labors time for reading the Bible and writing. Robinson keeps his calendar.
All this time the wanderer cherishes the dream to buildship and swim away to civilization. But a pie cut out of a log can not even be pushed to the water. One thing is clear - an assistant is needed. On the coast of the island begin to periodically appear for their rituals of cannibals. The threat to the life of the protagonist fills with notes of alarm a brief content. Robinson Crusoe with the help of a weapon beats off their sacrificed Friday, which becomes a loyal servant and friend. Together with Friday with weapons, they free the cannibals of a Spanish prisoner with the old man, the father of Friday. Together, they expand their farm, build a ship and send rescued to the continent. Soon on the island are fellow countrymen and Robinson. The rebellious crew land for the execution of the captain, his assistant and one of the passengers. But Robinson, perfectly oriented on the island, frees the doomed Englishmen and together they get even with the troublemakers. The two most notorious scoundrels had to be thrown up on the river, with the rest they acted humanely - they left their life and handed over to the entire Robinson household. Further, the ship of the country-ruler of the seas goes to the native shores.
The twenty-eight-year-old island history is overThe Englishman, whose name became a household name. A pleasant surprise awaits him at home. The Brazilian plantation, managed in its absence by the state, accrued to it the income for all the years of absence. Robinson marries, he has children. Life has improved. Classic happy ends.