At the present stage of development of economicrelations, as strange as it may seem to some not only ordinary people, but also experts, remains, as before, the human potential of the performer. Of course, technological and technological progress, the introduction of the most advanced technologies, which are largely able to replace a person in monotonous and routine jobs, exclude harmful and dangerous conditions, are of great importance, but the role of creativity in many professions becomes more important. Thus, the results of production directly depend on the quality of the work of highly professional and highly skilled labor. As a consequence, the segmentation of the labor market takes more and more pronounced outlines.
Why there is a segmentation of the labor market
Everyone knows the triad "capital-land-labor"which is the basis for increasing labor productivity and, accordingly, income. Only the last few decades on a macroeconomic scale, the complex of international marketing has shown that the determining factor was precisely work, namely skilled labor. The result of such events is undoubtedly the increased segmentation of the labor market, that is, the situation when it is economically inexpedient for a qualified specialist to move to another area, which greatly complicates the movement of labor. It should be noted that the segments of the world labor market have already formed in many respects, as stable, inactive groups.
The prospects for change
But this is only one side of the coin.As practice shows, there is no exceptionally one-sided fact or one hundred percent sustainable process. Undoubtedly, the segmentation of the world market stimulates the development of specialists of a narrow profile, moreover, employers are willing to invest sufficiently large funds in skills development, training their workers and employees (for example, in the US we are talking about tens of billions of dollars of private capital alone, not to mention the state, where this figure reaches hundreds). But there is also a reverse process in this process. Pay attention that the basic principles of the majority of developed countries (at least de jure) is the social orientation of production, that is, the social protection of the worker is at the forefront. But this fact means, at least, the mobility of the latter. Thus, various types of retraining courses for workers in other specialties are becoming more common. Very often employers are interested in this, experiencing a shortage of labor, including qualified, in this or that direction of production.
The global scale
The labor market becomes in recent yearsone can say, a strategic aspect of international politics. The problem of migration, which led to a complex of international marketing, is very acute in most countries of Europe, and in America too. The so-called perspectives of social protection of the population attract as a magnet different kinds of groups of people, which, by definition, are not foreign labor. On the one hand, there is a desire to attract highly professional specialists to the country, on the other - the prospect of increasing unemployment at the expense of the newcomers. In this situation, the segmentation of the labor market appears in all its splendor, linking the worker, the performer and his workplace. Nevertheless, studies prove that the majority of Russian employers prefer executors who are able to work creatively, creatively, demonstrate organizational and managerial qualities, for example, in Western countries, according to polls such employees are about 40%.