The structure of culture is the direct structure of culture, which is based on basic and functional elements. They characterize the course of the process of cultural activity, its sides.
The culture consists of the following components: education, science, literature, art, morality, law, religion, mythology, politics. These components exist simultaneously and represent a single whole. In addition, today the structure of culture is divided into additional components, such as class, world, national, rural, urban, material, spiritual and national areas. Each of these elements can be divided into smaller ones.
The structure and functions of culture have a huge impact on every person. They play an important role in the development of society and therefore perform irreplaceable functions for personal development:
1) Human function. It consists in the fact that man lives in culture, knowing himself with the help of it. In another way, such a function can be called transformative, since the transformations of the surrounding world are the basic need of people.
2) Information function. It consists in ensuring the process of transmission from generation to generation of various forms of progress. The effect of this function is manifested in the accumulation and subsequent storage of cultural information containing knowledge of man and the world.
3) Cognitive function. Any culture wants to recreate its own picture of the whole world.
4) Communicative function. Culture is able to translate specific ways of communication and their rules, and communication, in turn, is called the process of information exchange in people.
5) Regulatory function. It is a consequence of the importance of right human relations with the environment, social or natural. There is a need to maintain order in society. Culture deals with the creation of norms and laws, establishes prohibitions and allows the regulation of forms of relationships.
6) Sign function. She is responsible for verbal and gestural communication systems of different nationalities.
7) Value function. Culture is able to show people certain values.
8) Spiritual and moral function. It is in the educational purpose of culture.
9) Consumer function. It is a function of stress relieving by the translation of objects of culture and getting spiritual pleasure.
The structure of culture identifies the spiritual andmaterial culture. The differences between them are set too superficially, presumably only in abstraction, provided the person has the ability to separate the delicate faces from each other. Material culture is considered the creation of human hands and minds. But at the same time, spiritual and aesthetic components lie within it. The structure of culture is so broad a notion that it is impossible to enumerate all its components.
To the material culture can be attributed toolslabor, construction, technical means, production, means of communication, objects in everyday life, transport. From the point of view of objective heritage, various ancient civilizations are often studied.
Spiritual culture in society consists of the reproduction of both individual consciousness and the consciousness of society. People need to contemplate the beautiful. The structure of spiritual culture includes
- the artistic culture of the people;
- artistic creation as an art form;
- a culture of aesthetics;
- culture of science;
- educational culture;
- educational culture;
- culture of spiritual and moral existence;
- information culture.
Culture is basically a social category and therefore has its own characteristics, which in some functions and attributes.