Political crisis is a disorderpolitical system, accompanied by a violation of its normal functioning, associated with the refusal of a significant part of citizens to support the management organization. The population expresses distrust of the executive power and the ruling party, is displeased with the policy implemented in the country. This leads to the fact that the system under such conditions can not successfully perform its functions.
A political crisis may arise betweencountries or within the framework of one state, when it is impossible to coordinate actions between political forces. Foreign political crises are developing because of international contradictions. Internal (parliamentary, governmental, constitutional and other) are the result of the divergence of political interests between different social forces within the country.
The government crisis is the mosta widespread phenomenon when the government loses its authority, which leads to the failure of its orders to be executed by the executive bodies. It can be accompanied by a change of leaders or forms of government. The parliamentary crisis is reflected in the change in the balance of power in the legislative bodies, when the actions of the parliament are at variance with the opinions of the majority of the citizens of the country. As a result, the existing legislative body is dissolved and new elections are held. The constitutional crisis is associated with the termination of the Basic Law, when it loses its legitimacy and there is a need for its revision.
Political conflicts and crises have betweenare common features. The political conflict is only a form of expressing the crisis, which consists in openly speaking the masses against the existing organization of the central government. Conflict can grow into an uprising, a revolution, go into reaction and counter-revolution.
Crises and conflicts are based on socialcontradictions. They are born when society (its opposing forces) does not see other ways to realize its own interests, except for entering into an open struggle in order to eliminate these contradictions.
However, an open conflict (conflict) is not alwaysis the only and best form of resolution of contradictions, which lead to a situation when a stable political crisis begins to develop. Sometimes the evolutionary path is more promising, especially if we take into account the high price of the conflict and the revolutionary means used in resolving the contradictions. In this case, accumulated discrepancies deliberately disaggregate and fall from the height of the level of society to the level of individual people.
Today, protracted interracial and interethnic conflicts exist in Canada, the United States, Britain, countries of the former Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Yugoslavia, the USSR.
In Russia, currently developing inIn recent years, the political crisis has become permanently irreversible. This does not mean that the country will soon "take to the streets". The crisis is more likely expressed in the growing fatigue of political leaders and power elite in power.
As early as May 2011, experts predictedfalling ratings of the tandem and the fact that the authorities will not be able to hold positions without using administrative resources. This means that the trust of the population of power has decreased so much that there is a threat of complete loss of political control over the country. Discontent is strengthened not only in the middle class (as it was before), but in almost all social strata.
The country "comes out of the left bank," which indicates the folding of the prerequisites for the formation of a new center-right majority party.