In ancient times, our ancestors believed in the existencehigher forces that control the elements, nature, productivity and other life phenomena. Having given these forces a human face and giving them names, people tried to propitiate the gods, so that they were favorable to them.
Each people at first had their goddesses, but infurther great influence on many had the Greek religion. Interweaving different religions and legends, people began to identify their idols with Greek, creating new myths, substituting their names for analogies of Greek, Etruscan and other deities. So, among the Slavs, the goddess of fertility, spring, life and birth was called Alive. She ruled the life-giving forces of nature, spring waters, young shoots, and also patronized young virgins and young wives.
Ceres is the Roman goddess of fertility, whichcorresponds Demeter. It is responsible for the growth of cereals, the productive forces of the earth and the Underworld. Ceres directs the change of the seasons and the sequence of agricultural work, is the guardian of the villages, their inhabitants and the harvest. In addition, she is also the goddess of marriage and motherhood. In general, the image of Ceres can be called collective, because due to ingenuity and patronage to the laws, it can be compared with the goddesses Uni and Minerva, protectors of royal power and crafts.
Ancient Egypt revered Isis, who was the embodiment of fidelity, motherhood, fertility, the master of the elements of wind and water. She was portrayed as a woman with cow horns on her head.
Apparently, all the mentioned goddesses possess featuresGreat Mother, and therefore to find the source of belief and understand the reason for the cult differences is not easy. However, it can be said with certainty that the goddess of fertility was revered by all nationalities, in her honor there were holidays and rituals with sacrifices, architects built temples for her, and sculptors created beautiful statues - masterpieces of art.