The events of 2014, which occurred in Ukraine,led not only to military confrontation. On the huge information field are no less serious battles. One of their main themes is the work of the followers of Stepan Bandera. Some criticize them, others they consider heroes. And who is a Bandera? What views does he profess, why are he fighting? Let's figure it out.
Multiplicity of approaches in the study of the concept
Understanding who such a bander, even onlysuperficially necessarily come across different opinions and ideas. Even the origin of the word itself is not unique. Many associate him with the Ukrainian nationalist S. Bandera. But there is another approach, rooted in the more ancient times. Sometimes the word is even written differently. Everything depends on the interpretation of its origin. You've probably heard how the letter "a" is replaced with "e" in it. It turns out "Benderovsky". From this small change, the meaning is completely reversed. It is believed that the word in this case is connected with the city of Bendery. With the Ukrainian nationalists, it is connected only in so far as. It is necessary to distinguish these concepts, since the semantic load in them is different. But let's take a look at who is a Bandera player. It's not just the name of a person who professes certain views. It opens up a whole ideological world that does not look much like the generally accepted one.
It will be fair to begin to explain whoBanderov, based on the views of local nationalists. It's because they did everything to make every person on the planet know that such a concept exists. For the Ukrainian nationalists, the Bandera is a hero. This is a follower of a person known in local history who fought for independence of the state. Stepan Bandera, from him the name comes, all his life he dreamed of the national sovereignty of Ukraine. From this point of view, his ideas are quite positive. Well, what kind of nation does not want to be strong and independent? Moreover, in the history of Ukraine there are not many months of sovereign existence. All the time this people was part of some state education. Some territories were "under the Poles", others - "under the Rumanians", the third were beautifully developed within the Russian Empire. Bandera dreamed of creating his own state. Consequently, his followers are the builders of just such an education on the world map.
Not all so clearly
The fact is that the struggle is different. The range of methods is wide: from peaceful propaganda to brutal aggression. Agree that the formation of the state through a completely democratic referendum is one thing. But the conduct of a bloody war is quite another. This is where the meaning of the term "bandera" appears. People who identify themselves with the followers of the Ukrainian nationalist, distinguished themselves with particular cruelty during the Second World War. Particularly distinguished Bandera in Poland. At the hands of these people, many simple, non-military people died. Their atrocities are widely known. Entire villages were cut out. Bandits did not spare either the small or the old.
Are there monuments to Bandera?
Probably, it is necessary to understand what isThe ambiguous ideological trend is still a part of national history. Huge monuments Bandera did not build. In Soviet times, they were considered criminals. And for the time of modern independence, the funds were found only on the monuments of S. Bandera. Nevertheless, in many cities of Ukraine there are memorial signs and plaques of the Ukrainian insurgent army. Little is known about them to the general public. However, during the crisis, information began to spread. Signs in honor of Banderovites became the object of a "war of monuments" as well as the monuments of V.I. Lenin.
Another version of the origin of the concept
Now let us briefly touch on a different version. It is based on the fact that the word originated from the name of the city of Bendery. True, this locality has nothing to do with Ukraine and its nationalists. It is located on the territory of Moldova. However, it is connected with a very interesting story. As they say, so lived the Cossacks who traded the slave trade. They were afraid to fight with strong tribes. That's why a concept has taken place that has a pejorative meaning. Benderovsky is the one who offends the weak. From a powerful enemy, he runs, as if from a fire. No matter how you argue, however, this term has quite a double meaning. Many people openly oppose the Bandera people. This ideological movement can not forgive the many crimes committed by its followers. No matter how hard the current nationalists try to disown them. But atrocities Banderov in the terrible war years are fixed and documented facts. Perhaps supporters of the national Ukrainian idea should think about other heroes, not so dirty with blood and human grief?