Belgorod is a modernthe Russian city. It is located in the south-eastern part of Europe. It is the administrative and economic center of the Belgorod region. From the capital is at a distance of 700 km. On the right is the tributary of the Don. Located in the immediate vicinity of the border with Ukraine (about 40 km).
Formation of the Belgorod people
The first settlement arose on the site socalled the Northern settlement, located between the rivers Seversky Donets and Vezelitsy. In this territory during the time of the Romene culture mountain Slavs lived. However, in the 10th century their villages were looted and burned by the Pechenegs.
Since 1658 the city has become the center of administrativeregion. Even our own regiment was formed here. At the same time, the expansion of the region's possessions at the expense of the Ukrainian territory occurred. Consequently, what was Belgorod's population in that case? Historians and on this question give different answers. Many believe that after the expansion of the territory of the Ukrainian people left their lands. There are those who are sure that since the end of the 17th century almost half of the city's population was Poltava. Perhaps, that's why in 1708 Belgorod became part of the Kiev province.
In 1917, the city was establishedSoviet authority. The next spring he was captured by the German invaders. At the end of the war, the demarcation line passed a little to the north of Belgorod. As a result, the city was again given to the Ukrainian state. At the end of 1918, the entire region became part of the RSFSR thanks to effective combat operations of the Red Army.
After 10 years, the city became the center of the eponymousdistrict. At that time, the population of Belgorod was about 900 thousand people. For a long time the city was transferred from one province to another, but was never renamed. In 1935 he became an independent administrative unit, but was obliged to obey the Kursk Executive Committee.
During the Second World War in the vicinity of the city wentfierce battles with the fascist invaders. Twice the district was occupied by the Germans. And only in August 1943 the united Soviet army finally repulsed the enemy forces. By the time Belgorod was almost completely destroyed. Only a few small buildings survived.
The modern city is a developed scientific, economic and cultural center of the Central Black Earth region of the Russian Federation.
Belgorod is located on the Central Russianelevations. The right border of the city is represented by the river Seversky Donets. The name of the settlement came from its geographical location - the White Mountain. We can say that the city was built on its slope along the flood plain of the river Vezelki. Slightly south are the ancient watchtowers. On the map the city is represented by a slightly elongated rectangle, the corners of which are directed to the sides of the world.
Belgorod is located in the black earth zone. A significant part of the outskirts is the forest-steppe lands. The relief is a plain with insignificant erosional heights up to 200 meters. Thanks to this, the city is built up every year faster and higher.
The climate here is moderate. In the winter - cool, in the summer - dry hot weather. Because of the flat relief, strong winds are rare. Relative humidity is 76%.
The city is divided into 2 large districts. Such boundaries were formed back in the early 1990s. The eastern district is represented by the Sverdlovsk district. It accommodates more than 200 streets and avenues, about 400 enterprises and various institutions. The population of Belgorod in this region is about 180 thousand people.
Each district has its own thermal andpower stations, authorities and budget. It is worth noting that in the near future it is possible to separate the third district - the South. The fact is that the city is growing every year, and with it the population.
To date, 27 administrative councils have been created in Belgorod from local deputies. All these authorities are subordinate to the city executive committee.
This territorial association has collected 5areas. The largest of them are Korochansky and Belgorod. Also in the agglomeration are Borisov, Yakovlevsky and Shebekinsky districts. In addition, the regional territory includes such settlements as Reasonable, Streletskoye, Severniy, Dubovoye, Tavrova, Maisky, etc. The total population of the included suburbs is about 600 thousand people.
The climate in the region is favorable, as is the economic background, so new settlers regularly come to the city. At the beginning of 2014 Belgorod was a member of the 50 most populous cities in Russia.
The number of local residents hasevery year. At the end of the 19th century the population of Belgorod was 22.9 thousand people. Most of them were represented by the lower classes, and only a third were of the kind of philistines and merchants.
In 2010, there were record figuresbirth rate - 3903 children. And this is at the lowest level of mortality in the country. In addition, the demographic number is increasing due to the influx of immigrants from Ukraine and other post-Soviet countries.
The number of inhabitants of Belgorod today
As of January 2015, only inthe regional center the demographic coefficient grew by 1.2%. And again it is worth noting the influence of fertility rates on the number. The population of Belgorod by the beginning of 2015 amounted to more than 384.4 thousand people.
Over the past four years,significant natural demographic increase. According to statistics, 47% of newborns became second or subsequent children. The remaining percentage belongs to young families with one child. The mortality rate decreases slowly every year.
Number of inhabitants of Belgorod: figures
For all the known history of the city, demographicindicators fell only 7 times. The sharpest jump was noted in 2002, when the population of Belgorod was 337 thousand people. Then the fall index exceeded 1.5%. The number of inhabitants has decreased in comparison with 2001 by almost 5 thousand people. The reason for this was a significant outflow of the able-bodied population to the major cities of Russia and Ukraine.
Interestingly, the first records of the demography of the regionwere made back in 1626. Then the population of Belgorod was only 5 thousand people. The smallest number in the history of the city was in 1801 - 3,462 people.
Population of Belgorod region
Demographic density is about 57 people./ sq. km. For 2015, the population is 1.55 million people. Two-thirds of the total number are residents of cities, the rest - of adjacent villages and villages.
It is interesting that in the region there is a significant preponderance of the female part of the population over the male.