/ / The nature of Belarus - a unique heritage of the relic ecosystem

The nature of Belarus is a unique heritage of the relic ecosystem

The nature of Belarus is one of the most unique,the most amazing and exciting phenomena on the planet. This is an area without seas and high mountain ranges. But there are a lot of dense forest, meadows, unique in origin marsh tracts, picturesque rivers and lakes of glacial origin with crystal clear water.

The nature of Belarus

Nature of Belarus: description

Millennia ago, before the arrival of the Oka glacier, onterritory of the region the climate was relatively warm. This was dominated by mixed forests (pine, spruce, birch) with a typical vegetation and fauna for such places. But after the descent of the glacier, everything changed radically. Elevations appeared, plains formed, melting ice formed in the basins of a lake with numerous islands.

In the era between the gatherings of the next glacier flora andfauna has changed, adapting to climate change. Along with pines and spruce appeared oaks, hornbeams and fir. The shores of the lakes were overgrown, vast territories turned into swamps.

From the height of the flight, the present-day Belarus appearsa green carpet with smoky mountains, covered with forests, and hollows of bluish lakes between them. The average height of the soil is 160 m above sea level. The climate is continental, temperate, humid. Winter temperature - an average of 5-10 degrees below zero. In the summer - up to 20 degrees of heat.

Nature of the native land: Belarus, regions

The Vitebsk region is famous for its blue lakes. There are hundreds of them. The largest massif is concentrated in the Yelnya Reserve and in the Braslav Lakes national park, where unique and picturesque corners of nature are located.

The Grodno region is known as an architecturalpearl of the edge. But it is famous not only for the ancient castles of eminent European dynasties and majestic churches. The picturesque nature of Belarus in this western region is represented by the flora and fauna of Belovezhskaya Pushcha.

Monuments of nature of Belarus

In the Gomel region there are unique oak forestsfloodplain forests, reminiscent of the jungle. These places are famous for the richest vegetation and wildlife, they are the business card of the national park "Pripyatsky".

The main resorts of the skiing area and the Olympic facilities of Belarus are located in the Minsk region. In addition, the landmark of the region is the Naroch National Park.

Through Mogilev region once layknown in history trade route "from the Varangians to the Greeks". This is a part of the Dnipro floodplain with a unique nature. This region was once chosen for its castles and residences by the great emperors.

Unique in importance landscapes

Monuments of nature of Belarus are objectsnatural origin, preserved in the maximum possible pristine form. Some of them are classified as non-returnable values. They are unique in ecological, scientific, and historical respect. Many of the monuments are protected at the local, regional and state levels.

Nature of the native land: Belarus

Not so long ago, one of the editions of the provinceconducted a survey among readers to find out the most significant sights of the region. Among the most famous architectural and historical monuments were named: the Brest and Bobruisk fortresses, the church in Budslav, the St. Sophia Cathedral and the Mir Castle, among the seven wonders of the region there are two natural "pearls": Belovezhskaya Pushcha and Lake Naroch.

In addition to these reserved places, it isone "seven" of nature monuments. First of all, these are, of course, unique parks, "Narochansky" and "Pripyatsky", as well as the Berezinsky Reserve with a unique array of all types of marshes.

It is impossible not to mention the Blue Krynica - a smalla lake with amazingly clear emerald water. Before breaking through to the surface from the depths of the earth from a depth of about 200 m, it passes through filtration in the deposits of writing chalk, which is an excellent adsorbent. A unique grove of black birches. The colonies of bats of the "Barbastella" reserve are a significant place. And hundreds of such places are of great importance in the conservation of flora and fauna in their natural habitat.

Bialowieza Forest

This unique array is located on the border withPoland. The nature of Belarus in it is represented by the primary relict forest. The ecosystem is valued and declared protected six hundred years ago. Already in the region bans were introduced when hunting a large beast. The symbol of the forest and the whole region is the bison (European bison). Only here its population is restored in the natural environment.

Nature of Belarus: description

The property of the forest is the giant treesthe age of 400-600 years. There are more than 1000 such specimens. Tsar-oak - a tree with a trunk about two meters in diameter and a height of 46 meters - has been growing there for about 800 years. The relict forests preserved in these places are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Lake Naroch

This reservoir of natural origin is the mostlarge and clean in the region. Its bottom can be seen at a depth of 10 meters. It is lined with shells and sand. There are more than 20 species of fish. In the vicinity nesting birds listed in the Red Book.

Its beaches are ideal for recreation, and sapropelThe mud obtained from the bottom is used for healing and treatment of many ailments. Numerous wells bring to the surface mineral water, widely used in balneotherapy.

The nature of Belarus is an islet of naturaltranquility in the turbulent flow of time. To touch it is a rare pleasure, still available in our age of intensive technological development.