The Caribbean crisis is a difficult situation on the worldThe arena, which was formed in 1962 and consisted in a particularly tough confrontation between the USSR and the United States. In this situation, for the first time over mankind, the danger of war with the use of nuclear weapons is looming. The Caribbean crisis of 1962 was a gloomy reminder that with the advent of nuclear weapons, war could lead to the destruction of all mankind. This event is one of the brightest events of the Cold War.
The Caribbean crisis, the causes of which are hidden inthe opposition of the two systems (capitalist and socialist), US imperialist policy, the national liberation struggle of the peoples of Latin America, had its own background. In 1959, the revolutionary movement in Cuba won. Batista, the dictator who pursued pro-American policies, was overthrown, and a patriotic government headed by Fidel Castro came to power. Among the supporters of Castro were many communists, for example, the legendary Che Guevara. In 1960, the Castro government nationalized American enterprises. Naturally, the US government was extremely dissatisfied with the new regime in Cuba. Fidel Castro stated that he was a communist and established relations with the USSR.
Now the Soviet Union has an ally inclose proximity to his main enemy. Social reforms were carried out in Cuba. Economic and political cooperation between the USSR and Cuba began. In 1961, the US government near Playa Chiron landed troops consisting of Castro's opponents who emigrated from Cuba after the victory of the revolution. It was assumed that the US aviation would be used, but the US did not use it, in fact, the US threw these troops to the mercy of fate. As a result, the landed troops were defeated. After this incident, Cuba appealed for help to the Soviet Union.
At the head of the USSR at the time was NS Khrushchev.
Learning about what the US wants forciblyto overthrow the Cuban government, he was ready for the most drastic measures. Khrushchev proposed Castro to place nuclear missiles. Castro agreed to this. In 1962, Soviet nuclear missiles were secretly deployed in Cuba. American military reconnaissance planes flying over Cuba noticed missiles. Initially Khrushchev denied their presence in Cuba, but the Caribbean crisis grew. The reconnaissance aircraft conducted images of missiles, these images were presented to the world community. From Cuba, nuclear missiles could fly to the United States. October 22, the US government announced the naval blockade of Cuba. The USSR and the US worked out options for the use of nuclear weapons. The world was almost on the verge of war. Any harsh and rash actions could lead to terrible consequences. In this situation, Kennedy and Khrushchev were able to agree.
The following conditions were accepted: The USSR removes nuclear missiles from Cuba, the US removes its nuclear missiles from Turkey (in Turkey there was American nuclear weapons, which was able to get to the USSR) and leaves Cuba alone. At this the Caribbean crisis is over. The missiles were taken away, the US blockade was lifted. The Caribbean crisis had important consequences. He showed how dangerous the escalation of a small armed conflict could be. Humanity clearly began to understand the impossibility of having winners in a nuclear war. In the future, the USSR and the US will avoid direct armed confrontation, preferring economic, ideological and other levers. Countries that are dependent on the United States have now realized the possibility of victory in the national liberation struggle. For the United States, it has now become difficult to conduct frank intervention in countries whose government does not coordinate their interests with US interests.