/ / Parallelism in the literature: development and forms

Parallelism in the literature: development and forms

What is the role of literature in our life? However strange it may seem, its significance is very great. Reading the works of great writers and poets, we learn to distinguish good from evil. But the book does not make us stronger, more experienced, we need to draw valuable knowledge from there and apply it in real life. One can not live only illusions, and artwork creates fictional situations and heroes. This method, like parallelism, is often encountered in the literature, but few people pay attention to it. We suggest that we get to know this concept a little closer.

The role of artistic means

Parallelism in the literature, like many othersreceptions, must be present. Their role is really very great. Who likes to read scientific literature, he knows that it is this genre that is poor in expressive means. This is a solid dry text that does not cause any emotion. The main task of literature is to entice the reader to read the work in one breath and evoke the desire to learn continuation.

parallelism in literature

Without expressive means, we would not have experiencedno feelings when reading the work: no pity, no sympathy, no joy. Parallelism in literature is also important. What is its main role?


This concept can be heard in rhetoric, meansit is a repetition or comparison. Reception is used to emphasize the similarity of objects or their differences. Also, parallelism in the literature is used to emphasize the significance. Take an example - the famous poem by Alexander Pushkin "Ruslan and Lyudmila." There are the following lines: "Will I see your bright eyes? Hear a gentle conversation? "Similarly, the author emphasizes what is extremely important for Ruslan. But this is only one example of possible options for using reception.


what is parallelism in literature

What is parallelism in literature? We propose to disassemble this using the example of ancient literature and folklore. If we consider versification, then this technique acts as an assistant in the construction of stanzas and rhymes. In biblical or, as it is also called, Hebrew versification, this technique is used in parallel and synonymy, which allows to vary similar images.

Ancient Germanic verse is also not devoid of parallelism, only necessarily comes together with alliteration. Do not ignore the Finnish folklore, where it manifests itself with gradation.

Russian folklore

Parallelism here has several forms:

  • binomial;
  • polynomial;
  • negative;
  • formal.

The first of the presented items is the simplestthe form. Consider the parallelism in the literature, examples from folklore: "The falcon flew across the sky, a young man walked around the world." It is from this form formed more complex or polynomial. This type represents at once some parallels. An interesting form, often used in the work of authors, is negative parallelism. For example: "Not the birch bent, but the red girl in the legs bowed." As for the latter species, it is often found in chastushki. There is absolutely no logical connection between the objects being compared.

Later Times

Modern and classical literature also use the method of parallelism, in addition, it is borrowed from folklore. The origin of this direction was in ancient times.

parallelism in the literature examples

European fiction is also notIt is devoid of parallelism, only here it borders on the antithesis and anaphora. Our great and mighty Russian language contains many other techniques used by the authors to this day, in order to interest your reader, to make the work really interesting and exciting.