Since the 70s of the 20th century, mankind has becometo realize that in a world with a catastrophically deteriorating environment, a healthy society can not exist. The economy is also not able to develop fully, but since it can not stop, it needs to follow a different path without destroying nature.
On the problem of the relationship of man with the environment,surrounding it, now a huge amount of knowledge is accumulated. All of them testify to the fact that sustainable development is the paramount task of the entire population of the Earth. Only its provision and understanding of the whole existing picture as a whole will help save our civilization.
But the concept of sustainable development will be realized only if a number of fundamental requirements are met.
The first condition is a struggle not with consequenceshuman activities that cause harm, but with causes. Correction of results involves cleaning. It is clear that such a policy is unpromising. But the struggle with causes leads to a complete change in the ways people live. At the same time, such a policy is formed that excludes negative impact on nature, on the environment and irrational use of all its resources.
The second condition, the observance of which is necessaryin order for the concept of sustainable development to be realized, the rejection of a policy of unlimited consumption and production growth. This happens all over the world, but is especially acute in developed countries. Carrying out such a policy by safe environmental measures is not able to provide any resources of the Earth.
The concept of sustainable development will befunction only if the world population ceases to grow. The greatest excess is observed in developing countries. Already, the number of people on Earth is greater than its natural resources and capabilities.
Transition to the use of cleaner production inall places is also an important condition, without which the concept of sustainable development is not implemented. The ecology of the planet is receiving enormous damage from the use of traditional technologies. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce new equipment as quickly as possible and everywhere, which, due to its perfection, generates less waste and consumes fewer resources (energy and material).
The fifth condition is the understanding thateconomic, ecological and material problems are closely connected with each other. The interaction is as follows. The economic characteristics of production affect the ecological. And together they depend on the level of technology used in the work.
The sixth condition is the analysis of anyactivity related to the manufacture of apparatuses, machines, technologies, instruments, etc. The point is that energy and resources are needed for production, that is, in one way or another, there is an impact on the environment. The operation of products that come off the assembly line also requires certain costs. The problem is also the disposal of equipment that has failed. Thus, engineers must find solutions that lead to the lowest costs and minimum environmental impact, from the manufacture of the product to the last day of its operation.
The seventh requirement is the formation and adoption of preventive measures. Even in the case when there is no certainty that the consequences will threaten the environment.
The concept of sustainable development is never fully implemented without observing the eighth condition - the formation of ecological thinking among the population.
And the last, ninth, condition - the constant struggle to preserve the species listed in the Red Book.
However, the principles listed above are in themselvesstill do not solve the problem. In order for them to function, the leadership of all countries should develop on their basis such practical measures that could ensure the implementation of all requirements and conditions.p>