Tales are an integral part of historyhumanity. It's not just funny stories for little children, it's also a lot of wise thoughts, ideas and morals. In Russian folk tales often referred to brave and brave heroes and noble knights. As a rule, their strength of mind was reinforced by special types of weapons and protection. What is bulat armor? Why armor, swords, shields were made of this metal? Perhaps the production of this solid steel was associated with a huge mystery, in which only the selected masters of blacksmithing were dedicated. Was this knowledge a gift from the gods or even extraterrestrial civilizations?
The meaning and definition of the term "armor"
What is bulat armor? Explanatory dictionary of TF Ephraim contains the following definition: this equipment is made of metal in the form of armor, which serve to protect the body of a warrior. The explanatory dictionary of SI Ozhegova and N. Yu. Shvedova defines this ancient expression as the metal clothing of a warrior who defends the trunk. What is bulat armor? The dictionary of interpretations by VI Dal describes it as a military armor worn in the old days, which was worn over the main garment. The armor consisted of metal plates or rings. Common synonyms are the words "armor" and "chain mail".
Legendary molded damask steel
What is bulat armor and why is the material fromwhich it did, is still associated with a large number of legends and mysterious myths? Bulat - a metal that was obtained as a result of chemical reactions when mixing ordinary iron and carbon. As is known, these two substances have different homogeneity, so the material at the outlet has a characteristic patterned pattern. In order to produce bulat, it is necessary to melt the metal, which will eventually give the product increased firmness and flexibility.
What is bulat armor? This is metal clothing, the manufacture of material for which is an incredibly time-consuming task. Before starting this activity, you need a future sword or armor as it should be annealed, otherwise there may be cracks that can spoil all the work done. The metal is annealed for a long time (hour or more) at a high temperature of up to 1000 ° C. If this temperature level is exceeded, the ingot may lose its unique pattern, which will indicate the unprofessionalism of the master. After the annealing procedure, the material should be cooled to approximately 15-20 degrees, and only then proceed to forging.
The most important quality characteristics damaskmetal is received during the forging period, and the more time this process takes, the better. Despite the fact that modern alloys have much better properties than bulat, it was once the pinnacle of art in the production of excellent steel, and now it is possible to find skilled smiths who can manufacture and process the damask masterpiece.
Bulat armor from a fairy tale
What is bulat armor? The explanatory dictionary gives such definition: the protective adaptation from a high-strength metal which put on over clothes, covering vital parts of a body during fight. Damask armor was especially appreciated in the old days and was an indispensable attribute of folk heroes in the form of chain mail. Famous epic heroes of folk tales - Alyosha Popovich, Ilya Muromets, Dobrynya Nikitich, as well as kings-heroes Arthur and Svyatogor performed numerous feats with the help of bulat weapons. What is bulat armor? Encyclopedia describes this material as reinforced steel with more durable characteristics. Thanks to the armor and weapons made of her, the soldiers and knights were almost invincible.
Legend of the past
What is bulat armor? One of the sources of the appearance on the Earth of mysterious hardened steel, which has amazing flexibility and does not break or crack, is, according to the hypothesis, the meteor shower that took place in 1421. As the legend says, the progenitor of damask steel was a huge meteorite that had fallen in the vicinity of the Russian city of Yaroslavl. This iron block was a real gift from above, only selected craftsmen of blacksmithing got access to it. Naturally, not every warrior could afford to own such a weapon. Armor and a sword of damask steel could only be distinguished brave warriors. However, all the good things come to an end, and so it happened with precious stocks of celestial metal, eventually they dried up, despite the economics and thrift of the masters. What is bulat armor? Since then, she was already considered a legend from the distant past, where she was defeated in battle and performed numerous feats.
These stories about fairy metal were passed fromgeneration after generation, gradually building up new and new details. Steel swords sang in songs, fairy tales. Glittering bullet armor, the soldiers defeated the enemy cursed. The son of a peasant Ivanushka takes off his head with a bullet sword to a terrible monster named Miracle-Yudo. Searching for the wicked witch, the hero Velimir in the fairy tale "The Mistress of the Magic Forest" cuts her way in prickly thickets with a blade of bulat. And there are a lot of such mentions. Even in modern literature, you can find similar statements about heavy armor and cold weapons.
What in the damask steel is so special?
If the blade was forged from a simple iron, it servedhe, as a rule, is short-lived. Such products could easily be broken or bent after a few strong strokes. Compared with them, the weapons made of bulat were much more durable and durable. Such a sword could easily shatter a metal shield or iron armor of the enemy. The striking fact is that, despite incredible strength and hardness, damask steel was surprisingly flexible. It could be bent at an angle of up to 120 °, while the product will not break and easily return its original shape. Ordinary iron blades were quickly dull and fractured, and bullet steel weapons were always sharp as a razor, and served as faith and truth for many decades. There were times when for a product from the legendary metal they offered as much gold as the weight of the weapon. As a rule, this weight was far from small.
Indian analog of damask steel
Over time, the skillful Indian masters succeededcreate reinforced steel in an artificial manner. Later, all the details of production became known to Iranian and Asian blacksmiths. The records of Al Biruni, a famous scientist from Persia, are preserved, that the strongest metal is formed if you melt the 2 ingredients and do not mix them up to complete homogeneity. The products receive a unique pattern and different shades, for which they are highly appreciated by specialists. The unique pattern is a consequence of the process of carbon crystallization. This is a kind of sign of the quality of this kind of things.
Solid Damascene Steel
For the manufacture of blades in the Middle EastImported damask steel from South India. Such blades were famous for their strength and resistance to shattering. The original way to get Damascus steel is not known, and its name was given in honor of the Syrian capital - Damascus. Modern attempts to reproduce metal were not entirely successful because of differences in raw materials and production technology. The reputation and history of the Damascus steel have spawned many legends, such as the ability to cut hair falling across the blade. Despite the fact that certain types of modern steel are superior to these swords, their production process is quite progressive for their time.
Craftsmen from Damascus
What is bulat armor for a horse or for a warrior,best known in the Syrian capital, Damascus. Metal bars of round shape were delivered from India, after which the forge craftsmen created real miracles with this steel. To have products from Damascus bulat steel was considered a sign of good taste. The smiths-blacksmiths have perfected their skills so much, using a wide variety of layouts for various types of metal, that Damascus steel has become an incredibly valuable asset. A sad fate befell the skillful masters from Syria after the conquest of the country by the great khan-conqueror named Tamerlane. The involuntary blacksmiths did not want to work as inspired as before. Their children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren parted company, and the secrets of Damascus steel production were finally erased from the memory of generations.