Declination of nouns is not the most interesting topic in the school curriculum. Yes, and that there may be interesting, if everything is based on a blunt zrerezhke? And what is boring, then the worst is given.
You can add a few jokes to the tediousprocess of memorization. For example, even our grandmothers remembered the order of cases with the help of a funny verse, in which the first letter of each word corresponded to the first letter of the case name.
Ivan is the nominee,
gave birth - genitive,
girl - dative,
ordered - accusative,
to drag - the instrumental,
diaper - prefabricated.
It is not difficult to learn such a rhyme. And already in memory the case itself lined up!
However, even knowing the names of cases, it is not easy to master the declension of nouns. You still need to learn the questions! And again there is in the help of students a rhyme-baton "About Masha":
Sweets from Masha no -
Ladies Marusya I'm candy.
I see: Masha is self-willed,
Does not play, not happy.
She thinks about what?
The cases have nothing to do with it!
Meticulous pupils will be surprised:"And what is the connection between some wayward Masha and the topic that we are considering?" Of course, there is no special connection here. But one who looks attentively at the poem will notice that in each line, either at the end or at the beginning, one word is highlighted.
These are "magic" words-assistants. They will help us to remember case questions, and there, you see, the declination of nouns, joking and playful, will succeed.
So, we begin with the second case - genitive,since the nominee usually does not cause difficulties. In the first line, the word "no" is highlighted. This is an auxiliary word for the genitive case. We say the word "no", and the questions ask themselves: "What or who does not?"
The next line gives us the auxiliary word "ladies", and we know that after the genitive there is a dative case. By analogy with the previous case we say "ladies" and continue: "To whom or what?"
Then the word "see" suggests the questions: "Whom or what?" This is the accusative case. "Not happy" - "By whom or what?" - instrumental. "Thinks" - "About whom or what?" - prepositional.
So, the cases were learned, the questions were remembered. Now a more difficult topic: the distribution of nouns by declension. Usually in school they begin to study the declension of nouns with 1 decline.
You can again resort to the rhyme-cramp.
Tanya, Petya and Arisha,
Misha, Tolya, Vasya, Grisha -
At the end is "A" and "I" - "
This is my whole family!
From the quatrains it follows that to 1 decline belong words with the endings of "A" and "I" as masculine and feminine.
Nouns of the middle genus should be attributed to the 2 declension. This includes nouns of a masculine gender without endings. And, of course, to help - rhyme rhythm:
The horse galloped along the cloud,
The goose flew over the lake.
In the field breezed,
The boy poured tea in a saucer.
To the third declension should be attributed nouns ending in "b", feminine gender, without endings.
In writing, it is usually particularly difficult to write case endings in nouns of 1 declension. You can use the "doll" for the tip.
In doubtful cases we substitute the word "doll"and if "Y" sounds, we write bravely "I", since this is probably the genitive case, and if we do not hear "Y", then we need to write in the ending "E". By the way, in the word "doll" too.
In the second declension, we check the endings of the "horse", we just need to remember that there is an analogue of a hard end.
With adjectives, the situation is even simpler. Declination of adjectives is a simple matter. The case of them corresponds to the case of the noun to which they refer, and the ending is checked by the question: what is the question, this will also be the case with the adjective.