It's no secret that the Caucasian holidays fascinateits beauty, a large number of guests, beautiful outfits and a rich table. Gaumarjos - a traditional Georgian wedding is currently held in accordance with ancient rules, although modern innovations have made their own adjustments. The article will tell you about how the newlyweds meet their guests in this country.
Old national customs and traditions
This is now the Georgian wedding is preceded byacquaintance of future spouses. Previously, it was a custom when the groom stole his future wife. He, can, and now has not disappeared and is still practiced in distant mountain villages.
To the girl almost neverreturned, because her honor was scolded. In order not to cause discontent among neighbors and numerous relatives, parents had to take this step. Often, women ended their lives by suicide because of unwillingness to marry an unloved. Of course, there are many cases when a strong and friendly family was formed.
Georgians are very hospitable people.On such a great holiday it is still customary to invite all relatives from the groom and the bride. Refuse is not accepted. This causes resentment, and can even put in the special book the names of people who did not share the joy of the family. That's why, observing the traditions, the Georgian wedding gathers a huge number of people.
After the wedding night, her mother-in-law took out the sheet from the bed of the newlyweds to prove the chastity of the daughter-in-law. If the girl was not a virgin, then she was expelled with disgrace.
At the wedding table, young girls were given only sweets, so that none of the guests could see how the husband eats.
It used to be a holiday when a new family was formed,celebrated only in the house of the bridegroom or bride. Despite the fact that now many European lessons have been drawn in the celebration, many rituals remain. But about them in order.
So in Georgian is called the first stage -matchmaking. Of course, now the young people themselves get acquainted and choose a couple, but without the approval of the parents there will be no rite. There are exceptions, but children are trying to raise so that they listen to the opinion of elders.
Here the ceremonies of the Georgian wedding are not strongdiffer from the Russians. The groom must come to the bride's house with relatives to ask for her hand. The girl's parents greet the matchmakers with a sumptuous meal, during which the boy's side praises him. They must list all the most positive points.
Everyone is waiting for the appearance of the bride, who must give her consent to marry. And with a positive response, the feast continues. Often even neighbors are involved in this process.
Then the holiday moves to the house of the future husband, where the table is also laid.
Like the Georgian wedding itself, preparations are also taking place for several days. It was time to get married to a young man and a girl.
Taking with him a lot of gifts (this can even bejust flowers, dear bottle of cognac and sweets), the groom's parents together with him again visit the house of the bride. On the table there should be national dishes and a lot of wine, which should not end while the matchmakers are visiting. Therefore, they are reserved in advance.
Men and women before the feast are divided,discuss various topics. And now the guy is already sitting next to his beloved. Everyone is waiting for the groom's father to rise and say his toast, in which he will express the joy of the coming relationship with the parents of the bride. Only after this, a beautiful ringlet will be presented to the future wife (sometimes it is a family heirloom that passes from generation to generation). This does not end with gifts. No one should remain deprived.
During the conversations, the financial side and organizational aspects will be affected. Discuss the place of the wedding. Most often, for almost all have to pay the side of the groom.
When matchmakers gather, they are given khachapuri and various sweets with them.
Purchase of clothes also takes place according to tradition. So, for the Georgian wedding the future husband buys beautiful clothes to the girl.
The outfit should consist of two parts.Down is put on a shirt with a collar. He shows modesty and innocence. From above there is a black or light dress which by tradition should be richly embroidered, the sleeves have deep cuts. The bride must have girded. The girlfriends plaited a braid and put on a hat with a veil - chihti-copy or mandili. The neck can be decorated with a beautiful necklace and pearl thread.
The bridegroom used to pick up a bride (chokhu) outfit.It consisted of a white shirt with a collar-stand. On top came a dark or light shade of a cloak embroidered in gold with a satin lining. The groom girded and was without weapons. On the legs - leather boots.
Redemption of the bride
This before the groom had to redeem the bride,giving her parents cattle. Now these can be simple gifts, which matchmakers prepared for future relatives, and the ransom is more entertaining. Everything depends on the well-being of the family.
Since all the girls live in the parental home before the wedding, this ceremony takes place there. But in many areas of Georgia before the grooms could come and even live with the bride after betrothal.
Dedication to the bride has always been modesty, chastity. It should be compliant and, of course, economic.
The time comes for the next stage - a beautiful Georgian wedding.
At first young people undergo compulsory rituals - weddings. Previously, he was considered even more important than the stamp in his passport.
It is from this moment that the Georgianwedding. In Georgia, very beautiful churches, and in the days of marriage there can not be squeezed. At the output of the newlyweds there will be a peculiar arch, which the groom's friends make of daggers. So they give protection to the new cell of society.
Then everyone goes to the registrar to legalize their relationship. Now it was often divided into two events for two days.
Further it is accepted to drive through all the streets through the streets, waving their arms. The sound of horns is heard for several kilometers. So the husband and wife share their happiness.
Inspection of a new home
After the traditional photo shoot, the guy takes his chosen one to get acquainted with his house.
Before entering the obligatory rite - the young smash the most beautiful plate for happiness. After the groom has to climb on the roof to release a white bird.
Guests are served wine. The first glass is handed to her husband. The wife is led around the house, spreading corn grains of various cereals. It is believed that this will bring wealth to the home, and the offspring to the family. The symbol of the home is a cauldron, and the girl always touches it. Relatives put a pot of oil around which she has to go three times.
Wooden ornaments that are presented to young people embody the Tree of Life. Before the kiss with her husband, in the future, only sweet words were heard, his wife smeared lips with honey.
Afterwards, glasses of wine follow, the young ones utter their vows. The groom throws a ring in his wineglass, takes a sip, gives a drink to the bride and puts this marriage sign on the arm already to his wife.
On this solemn part is completed.
This is the name of the feast at the Georgian wedding. Photos confirm the grandeur of the celebration, which can last a whole week.
Now, because of the large number of guests are rentedexpensive restaurants. Tamada is usually chosen from relatives. If the wedding tables are divided, then each cheer guests assist assistants (groom's friends). No one should be bored.
On the tables are the most delicious treats. From the Russian wedding, the serving of dishes is different. From the aromas of sweets, shish kebabs, eggplant simply reduces the stomach. Anyone would like to visit such a table. Such a variety of treats is not often found:
- chihirtma and tolma;
- satsivi and kuchmachi;
- ajapsandal and kababi;
- a lot of greenery;
- a variety of cheeses;
- vegetables and fruits;
The main dish at the wedding was always soup.
All tables are made by traditional Georgianwines and cognacs, which help guests to make wonderful wishes. Each Georgian toast at the wedding for the newlyweds is filled with meaning. You will not hear "Bitter!".
Before leaving, the spouses cut the cake, holding the knife with both hands. And the groom considers the first piece the most respected guest.
They even have something like a contest "Who's longersit at the table? ". Some families manage to celebrate until the morning. In the morning they are waited by hashi. This broth is specially cooked for the second day from beef stomachs and legs with the addition of garlic. They say that this is a wonderful cure for a hangover. After all, a few days ahead.
Dancing and gifts
All the evening long live music and, of course,dance begins. If young invited professional dancers, then it will be a terrific sight. All of us saw graceful movements of girls and perfectly refined movements of real dzhigits. Each stroke of the hand or look has its value.
The bride must dance only with the groom orclose relatives. But there comes a moment when she performs her Georgian dance at the wedding, circling around the hall. Her guests give money, which she disposes of on her own. Everyone is happy to dance and dance. Also, folk songs are always heard at the wedding in Georgia.
Give a holiday to the newlyweds deargifts. They must sign. After the spouse, discovering gifts, in a special generic book, write down who and what gave. This is done in order to make a more profitable purchase for the wedding of relatives. The most generous are even brought in as guests of honor at home.