/ / Samad Vurgun: biography and creativity

Samad Vurgun: Biography and Creativity

Our today's hero is Samad Vurgun. His biography will be discussed in detail later. We are talking about the Azerbaijani Soviet poet, playwright and public figure. He was the first to receive the title People in his republic. He is also an academician of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR. He became the winner of two Stalin Prizes of the second degree. Consisted of the CPSU (b).

Biography

Samad Vurgun
Soviet poet Samad Vurgun was born in1906 in the Kazakh district, the village of Yukhary Salahly. When our hero was 6 years old, his mother died. The boy remained in the care of his grandmother Aisha-khanum and his father. After the future poet graduated from the Zemstvo school in 1918, the family moved to Kazakh. There, our hero, together with Mehtikhan Vekilov, his elder brother, entered the Kazakh teachers' seminary. After some time, the father leaves the life. It happened in 1922. A year later, my grandmother died. Thus, the care of our hero, as well as his brother, was transferred to Hanggyza Vekilova, their cousin.

The first poem of the poet "Appeal to the youth"was published in the Tiflis newspaper under the name “Yeni Fikir” in 1925. Our hero was a teacher of literature in one of the rural schools of Kazakh. For two years he studied at Moscow University. It was in the period from 1929 to 1930. After that, our hero continued his studies and became a student at the Pedagogical Institute. Then he visited a similar university in Azerbaijan. In 1945 he was elected a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR. He became a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from the second to the fourth convocation. The poet died in 1956, May 27th. Our hero is buried in Baku.

Creation

samad vurgun biography
Samad Vurgun noted that his maincreative task, he considers the disclosure of poetry surrounding reality. The first publication of our hero appeared in 1925 in the pages of the newspaper “New Thought”. The poem entitled "Appeal to the youth" was written in connection with the end of the seminary. The first book of our hero was published in 1930. It was called the "Oath of the Poet."

A special role in the work of this author has playedThe Great Patriotic War. During this period, the poet created more than sixty poems, as well as several poems, among them the work “Baku dastan”. During this period, the glory of our hero grows as a poet. The leaflets on which the work was written to the "Partisans of Ukraine" were dropped from the plane into the local forests to support the troops. In 1943 in America, in the framework of the competition for the best anti-war poem, the work of the poet called “Mother's Parting” was highly appreciated. This work among the twenty best in the world of poetry was published in New York, and then distributed among the military. Soon, on the initiative of our hero, the Fuzuli Intellectuals' House was established in Baku. It held military events and meetings with front-line soldiers.

Poems

samad vurgun photo
Poet Samad Vurgun in 1928 began work on his first work in this genre. It was called "Komsomol Poem". In 1932 the work “Event” was published. In 1933, the poems "Muradkhan", "Humar", "Lokbatan", and "Rural Morning" appeared. In 1934, the work “The Bench of Death” was published. In 1935, the poems “Bitter Memories”, “Twenty-six”, “Hangman”, “Dead Love” are published. In 1936, our hero wrote the work "Riot". In 1937, the “Word of the Collective Farmer Basti” was published. The poem "Baku dastan" is published in 1944

The plays

Soviet poet Samad Vurgun
Samad Vurgun in 1937 published a work "Vagif." It reproduces the tragic fate of Molla Panah Vagif. In 1939, the play Khanlar appeared. It is dedicated to the life of a revolutionary named Khanlar Safaraliyev. In 1941 the work “Farhad and Shirin” was published - a poem drama based on the poem by Nizami. In 1945, the work "Man" is published.

Translations

Samad Vurgun in 1936 translates the novel “Eugene Onegin” by A. S. Pushkin into the Azerbaijani language. For this work he was awarded a medal. Handed it to the Pushkin Committee. In 1936 he translated part of the poem "The Knight in Tiger's Skin" by Shota Rustaveli. For this work, the poet received an honorary diploma of the Georgian SSR. In 1939 his translation of the poem “Leyli and Mejnun” by Nizami Ganjavi was published. Also, our hero adapted some works of Maxim Gorky. He translated a number of works by Dzhambul, Ilya Chavchavadze and Taras Shevchenko.

Family and heritage

poet samad vurgun
Samad Vurgun was married to Haver KhanumMirzabekova. He has three children. The first son's name is Yusif Samadoglu. He became a national writer of Azerbaijan. The second son is Vagif Samadoglu. He became the national poet of Azerbaijan. Our hero's daughter's name is Aybeniz Vekilova. She is an honored cultural worker.

In 1961, a monument to the poet was erected in Baku. The sculptor was Fuad Abdurahmanov. In 1975, the Samad Vurgun House Museum was opened in Baku. It became the first memorial dedicated to an individual. The house held a meeting of famous cultural figures of the period. In 1976, Rauf Hajiyev - the composer - created a cantata dedicated to our hero. In 1976, a post office was prepared in his honor. stamp of the USSR. In 2006, celebrated the centenary of the poet. A special postage stamp of Azerbaijan was issued for this event.

The name of our hero is the library in the city.Kiev, Azerbaijan State Russian Drama Theater, Technical School in Bulgaria, School in Dushanbe N257, streets in Baku, Agjabedi and Moscow, a village in Azerbaijan. In 1943, Samad Vurgun was awarded the title of People's Poet of the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1943, Mr .. became Honored Artist. For the play called “Vagif” he received the Stalin Prize of the second degree. He received a similar award for his work “Farhad and Shirin”. Now you know who Samad Vurgun is. Photos of the poet are attached to this material.

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