Our today's hero is Samad Vurgun. His biography will be discussed in detail later. We are talking about the Azerbaijani Soviet poet, playwright and public figure. He was the first to receive the title People in his republic. He is also an academician of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan SSR. He became the winner of two Stalin Prizes of the second degree. Consisted of the CPSU (b).
The first poem of the poet "Appeal to the youth"was published in the Tiflis newspaper under the name “Yeni Fikir” in 1925. Our hero was a teacher of literature in one of the rural schools of Kazakh. For two years he studied at Moscow University. It was in the period from 1929 to 1930. After that, our hero continued his studies and became a student at the Pedagogical Institute. Then he visited a similar university in Azerbaijan. In 1945 he was elected a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR. He became a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from the second to the fourth convocation. The poet died in 1956, May 27th. Our hero is buried in Baku.
A special role in the work of this author has playedThe Great Patriotic War. During this period, the poet created more than sixty poems, as well as several poems, among them the work “Baku dastan”. During this period, the glory of our hero grows as a poet. The leaflets on which the work was written to the "Partisans of Ukraine" were dropped from the plane into the local forests to support the troops. In 1943 in America, in the framework of the competition for the best anti-war poem, the work of the poet called “Mother's Parting” was highly appreciated. This work among the twenty best in the world of poetry was published in New York, and then distributed among the military. Soon, on the initiative of our hero, the Fuzuli Intellectuals' House was established in Baku. It held military events and meetings with front-line soldiers.
Samad Vurgun in 1936 translates the novel “Eugene Onegin” by A. S. Pushkin into the Azerbaijani language. For this work he was awarded a medal. Handed it to the Pushkin Committee. In 1936 he translated part of the poem "The Knight in Tiger's Skin" by Shota Rustaveli. For this work, the poet received an honorary diploma of the Georgian SSR. In 1939 his translation of the poem “Leyli and Mejnun” by Nizami Ganjavi was published. Also, our hero adapted some works of Maxim Gorky. He translated a number of works by Dzhambul, Ilya Chavchavadze and Taras Shevchenko.
Family and heritage
In 1961, a monument to the poet was erected in Baku. The sculptor was Fuad Abdurahmanov. In 1975, the Samad Vurgun House Museum was opened in Baku. It became the first memorial dedicated to an individual. The house held a meeting of famous cultural figures of the period. In 1976, Rauf Hajiyev - the composer - created a cantata dedicated to our hero. In 1976, a post office was prepared in his honor. stamp of the USSR. In 2006, celebrated the centenary of the poet. A special postage stamp of Azerbaijan was issued for this event.
The name of our hero is the library in the city.Kiev, Azerbaijan State Russian Drama Theater, Technical School in Bulgaria, School in Dushanbe N257, streets in Baku, Agjabedi and Moscow, a village in Azerbaijan. In 1943, Samad Vurgun was awarded the title of People's Poet of the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1943, Mr .. became Honored Artist. For the play called “Vagif” he received the Stalin Prize of the second degree. He received a similar award for his work “Farhad and Shirin”. Now you know who Samad Vurgun is. Photos of the poet are attached to this material.