Before we find out who Yesenin's parents were,we must honestly admit that the whole story will eventually be reduced to the life and work of the poet himself. And you can write about it endlessly, after all, fans were always interested in people who influenced the formation of his personality, and the environment in which this unique Russian nugget grew, close in size to Pushkin and Lermontov, the path of love to which has not grown to this day .
Yesenin's birthday was held in a picturesque cornerRussia on October 3, 1895. This magnificent Yesenin region today receives a huge number of visitors every day. The future poet was born in Konstantinovo (Ryazan Region), in an old village, which was freely stretched among the forests and fields on the right bank of the Oka River. The nature of these places is inspired by God, it is not for nothing that a genius with a devoted Russian soul was born here.
Yesenin's house in Konstantinovo has long been a museum. Widespread carpets of flooded meadows and picturesque lowlands by the river have become the cradle of poetry of the great poet. The homeland was the main source of his inspiration, to which he constantly fell, drawing on the strength of Russian love for his father's house, the Russian spirit and his people.
The poet's father, Alexander Nikitich Yesenin (1873-1931From the time of his youth he sang in the church choir. He was a peasant, but he was not fit for peasant business, for he could not harness the horse. That's why I went to work in Moscow to the merchant Krylov, who kept a meat shop. Alexander Yesenin was very dreamy. He could long sit thoughtfully at the window, very rarely smiled, but at the same time he could tell such funny things that everyone around roared with laughter.
The poet's mother, Tatiana Titova (1873-1955)was also from a peasant family. She lived almost all her life in Konstantinovo. The Ryazan Region practically captivated it. Tatiana Fyodorovna gave her son Sergei strength and confidence in talent, without this he would never have decided to go to Petersburg.
Yesenin's parents were not happy in the marriage, but the mother spent her whole life with a heavy heart and terrible pain in her soul, and for that there were serious reasons.
Brother Alexander Razgulyaev
Not everyone knows, but next to the poet's grave onVagankovskoye cemetery is the grave of Yesenin's half-brother by his mother - Alexander Ivanovich Razgulyaev. The thing is that Tatyana Fyodorovna, being still very young, married Alexander Nikitich not for love. Yesenin's parents somehow did not get along at once. Father immediately after the wedding returned to Moscow, to the butcher's shop of merchant Krylov, where before he worked. Tatyana Fedorovna was a woman with a character and did not get along with either her husband or her mother-in-law.
She sent her son to be raised for herparents, and herself in 1901 went to work in Ryazan and there she met, as it seemed then, her great love. But the delusion quickly passed, and from this sinful love the son Alexander was born (1902-1961).
Tatyana Fyodorovna wanted to get a divorce, but her husbanddid not give. She had to give the boy to the wet nurse E.P. Razgulyaeva and write down her surname. From that moment her life turned into a nightmare, she suffered and longed for the baby, sometimes visited him, but could not take it. Sergei Yesenin learned about him in 1916, but they met only in 1924 in the house of his grandfather - Fyodor Titov.
Alexander Nikitich Esenin wrote his eldestdaughter of Catherine, who then lived with Benislavskaya, so that they would not take Alexander Razgulyaev to her, since it was very painful for him to bear it. The insult to his mother was in the heart of the poet. Although he understood that Brother Alexander was not to blame for anything, they did not have a warm relationship either.
Alexander Ivanovich Razgulyaev, of course,was proud of his brother. He lived the life of a modest toiler of the railway, who brought up four children. All his terrible memories of his orphan childhood, he described in "Autobiography."
Esenin also had two beloved sisters: Catherine (1905-1977 gg.) And Alexander (1911-1981 gg.). Catherine followed her brother from Konstantinovo to Moscow. There she helped him in literary and publishing matters, and then after his death became the guardian of his archives. Catherine married Esenin's close friend Vasily Nasedkin, who was repressed and executed by the NKVD in 1937 on a fabricated "writers' case." She herself received a term of two years. She died of a heart attack in Moscow.
The second sister was called Alexandra. She also made much effort and effort to create Yesenin museums, providing photographs, manuscripts and other valuable family relics and artifacts. The difference with her brother was 16 years. He affectionately called her Shurenka. At the end of 1924, after returning from abroad, he took her to Moscow. Mother blessed her with the Tikhvin icon of the Mother of God, which is now in the Yesenin museum in Moscow. The poet adored his sisters and received great pleasure from communicating with them.
Grandfather and grandmother
Yesenin for a long time was brought up from his parentshis mother. Grandmother's name was Natalya Evtikhievna (1847-1911), and grandfather - Fyodor Andreevich (1845-1927 gg.) In their family, in addition to Sergei's granddaughter, lived three more of their sons. It was thanks to his grandmother that Yesenin became acquainted with folk folklore. She told him many fairy tales, sang songs and ditties. The poet himself admitted that it was his grandmother's stories that prompted him to write the first poems. Grandfather Fyodor was a man of faith who knew church books, so every evening in their house were readings.
Moving to my father
Having graduated from the Spas-Klepikiv church-teacherschool in 1912 and having received the diploma of the teacher of the school of reading and writing, Esenin immediately moved to his father in Moscow on the street. Pin in the Big Strochenovsky lane, 24 (now there is a museum Yesenin).
Alexander Yesenin was glad of his arrival and thought thathis son will be his reliable assistant, but he was very upset when he announced to him that he wanted to become a poet. At first he helped his father, but then he began to translate his ideas into reality and settled in the ID Sytin printing house. And then we will not once again retell the whole of his biography, which is already quite well known, but rather try to understand what kind of person it was.
The bastard and brawler
Many unflattering things were often said about him. Deboshes and drunkenness were indeed not uncommon in the poet's life, but he treated his talent and poetry quite seriously and with great respect. According to the poet himself and from the words of people close to him, for example, like Ilya Schneider, he did not write in a state of intoxication.
As a poet of conscience, he could not remain silent and, feelingpain for the country, which plunged into total chaos, devastation and famine, began to use his poems as an instrument against power ("The Golden Grove Dissolved ...", "We Are Now Leaving A Little Bit ...", "The Soviet Russia" and " ").
The last work of his wore a symbolicthe title is "Country of Scoundrels". After his writing, Yesenin's life changed dramatically, he was poisoned and accused of rowdyism and drunkenness. The poet was repeatedly interrogated by people from the GPU, who "sewed" him business. At first they wanted to convict him of anti-Semitism, then there were some other developments. Granddaughter of Leo Tolstoy Sofia in the winter of 1925 helped him escape from persecution, having agreed with the head professor Gannushkin about granting the poet a separate chamber. But there were informants, and Yesenin was again taken for a fly. " December 28, he is brutally murdered under the camouflage of suicide.
Since 1914 Yesenin lived in a civil marriage withproofreader Anna Romanovna Izryadnova (1891-1946 gg.). She gave birth to his son Yuri, who graduated from the Moscow Aviation Technical School, served in Khabarovsk, but was shot in 1937 on a false charge. My mother died, and without knowing about the fate of her son.
In 1917 the poet married Zinaida Raich - Russian actress and future wife of the director VE Meyerhold. Yesenin's family got two more children: Tatiana (1918-1992), who later became a writer and journalist, and Constantine (1920-1986), who became a journalist and football statistician. But the couple again something did not work out and in 1921 they officially divorced.
Almost immediately, Yesenin met withAmerican dancer Isadora Duncan, whom he married six months later. Together they traveled to Europe and the USA. But on their return home, unfortunately, they broke up.
The dramatic story was played out with the secretaryEsenina Galina Benislavskaya, who was his true and faithful friend in the most difficult moments for him. With her he met and sometimes lived with her. They met in 1920. After the death of the poet in 1926 she shot himself at his grave at the Vagankovskoye cemetery. She was buried next to him.
Esenin also had an illegitimate son from the poetessNadezhda Davydovna Volpin - Alexander. He was born on May 12, 1924, when he was an adult he emigrated to the USA and became a mathematician. Alexander died recently - in March 2016 in Boston.
Yesenin built the last family relations withSophia Tolstoy. He wanted to start a new life, but death cut short all plans. On Yesenin's birthday, on October 3, 2015, the whole country celebrated 120 years. So much would this talented poet be fulfilled.
In the Leningrad blockade the son of Yesenin Constantine,who fought at the front and asked for leave, on one of the gloomy days of 1943 appeared at the intersection of Nevsky and Liteiny Prospekt. A soldier in a nailed-up cap, a wiped and burned overcoat, suddenly saw that the "Old Book" store was working, and without any purpose just went into it. He stood and looked at the smart books. After the smelly marshes and the slimy trenches, being among the books for him was almost bliss. And suddenly a man approached the saleswoman, who had a tired face and worn traces of hunger and heavy emotions, and asked her if they would have a volume of Esenin. She replied that now his books are a rarity, and the person immediately left. Constantine was surprised that someone needed Esenin to blockade, in a harsh and desperate life. And what is surprising, in the store just at that moment in the windings and dirty boots beside was a soldier Konstantin Yesenin-son of the poet ...