"Pushkin is our everything!"These words, familiar from childhood, deeply and correctly emphasize the essence of Pushkin's poetry. It really has everything: the light, light sadness of unrealized hopes, and the wise acceptance not always of the just laws of life, and the bright faith with friendship and love, and most importantly the understanding of the pricelessness of every moment of our earthly existence. That is why the motto for the entire poet's work is the lines of his "Bacchus song": "Long live the sun, so darkness can disappear!"
"Winter morning" - to the subject of the theme of the poem
In the lyrics of Pushkin, everything is so harmonious andin proportion, that sometimes it is difficult to isolate the main theme of the poem or its idea. For example, what are these lines, memorized by us from the primary school: "Frost and sun, a wonderful day"? About the beauty of a clear winter morning? Or about the joy of the lyrical hero about the weather that has finally established after a stormy storm? Or about his happiness from the fact that the night has passed, and the dawn is sparkling in the frosty patterns of the glass, and the life-giving warmth is flowing from the burning stove, and next to it is a sleepy, sweet, beloved ... What is the poem "Frost and the sun ..." dedicated to? Landscape lyric, love, philosophical? To understand this, you should analyze the work.
In its composition structure "Winter Morning"can be attributed to a poem-monologue with elements of dialogue. The lyrical hero, the poet, turns to his "dear friend", urging him to awaken from his sleep, to enjoy the bright colors of a fabulously beautiful morning. He admires the landscape opening out of the window: the boundless Russian expanses and expanse of the winter-mother. In the poem "The Frost and the Sun ..." we do not hear the replicas. In the foreground only he is an enthusiastic poet, his soul full of emotions. The beloved is given only by hints, strokes: "... you sat sad ...", "... now look out the window ...", etc. However, the charming picture "Frost and the sun ..." has one more hero, no less important than the poet. It is Russian nature, from whose perfection he takes breath. The inner states of both man and nature are in complete unity and harmony.
Contrast and its role
Pushkin "The Frost and the Sun ...""He built not only as a lyrical monologue of a man open to joys and beauty of the world. I used the poet and the reception of contrast. He is asked from the very first stanza: "the day is wonderful / you are still asleep", towards the "northern Aurora" (dawn), you are the "star of the north" (that is, no less beautiful than the dawn itself). Such an opposition with a hidden comparison is quite typical for the figurative system of Pushkin. The whole second stanza is a description of the winter storm and spiritual despondency, pale tones and semi-shades. But the last line in it is completely opposite in meaning and is a kind of bridge, allowing you to logically pass to the admiration of the Russian winter fairy tale. It intrigues, fascinates, excites. In the third stanza we see the contrast of the sparkling of white snows and the dark stripe of the forest, but they are more in dialectical unity than real opposition. Similar moments are traced throughout the text. Thus, the poem "The Frost and the Sun ..." as a genuinely brilliant work combines harmoniously different phenomena, finding the subtlest points of contact between them.
From life to being
Pushkin has no trifles. In his poetry everything is important: color, objectivity, sound background, even smells. For example, the fourth stanza. It would seem that it is special? The usual furnishings of the room: a stove, a bench, probably a shelf with books, a window as an outlet to the outside world. And yet, as "tasty", everything in this part of the poem "Frost and the sun, a wonderful day" is temptingly described! The room is illuminated with an amber glitter, that is, warm, golden, permeated with the sun; dust particles dance in the air; everything seems so joyful and bright as in childhood. From this it follows logically and not any, namely "cheerful" crackling of fire in the furnace. Its reflections through the flap are mixed with sunbeams. All together and creates the atmosphere of coziness, cheerfulness, happiness of life and the fullness of sensations that are so rare and so valuable in our life. Every detail is important here: a book with which it is "pleasant to think" and "a brown filly", on which you can ride "on the morning snow."
Theme and idea
What is the theme and idea of the poem? What did the poet want to say? Of course, the work belongs to the genre of landscape lyric poetry, more precisely - landscape-psychological, because the perception of nature here is given not abstracted, but through the inner state of the lyric hero - the poet. This is his eyes, we see, his feelings are already our feelings. But there is no mechanical imposition, not at all! Our own life and aesthetic experience is the indicator that verifies the truthfulness of the tonality of Pushkin's lyre. And this indicator suggests: the poet is truthful with every line! Thus, the theme of the poem is man and nature, the relationship of the human soul to the natural world. And the idea is to show how, under the influence of the beauty of nature, the creative component in man is awakened.