/ / Writer Avdeenko Alexander Ostapovich: biography, creativity

Writer Avdeenko Alexander Ostapovich: biography, creativity

Today we will tell you who Alexander Avdeenko is. His biography will be discussed in detail later. It's about the Soviet and Russian prose writer, publicist, playwright and screenwriter.

Biography

avdeenko alexander
Alexander Avdeenko is a writer who appearedto the light in 1908 in the village. Now it is the Ukrainian city of Makeevka of the Donetsk region. Comes from the family of a working miner. As a child, the future writer was a homeless child. Later he worked in mines in the Donbass. He worked in Makeyevka at a plant called "Union". Later he went to Magnitogorsk. There he worked on the construction of MMK IV Stalin. He held the post of assistant locomotive driver. He became a member of a literary group called "Tug".

In 1933 his debut in the big literature took place. It was in Gorky's almanac entitled "The Year XVI". There was released the novel "I Love". Later he published in Soviet Literature and Profizdat. He took part in the trip of a group of writers to the BBK IV Stalin. In 1934 he spoke as a delegate of the First All-Union Congress of Writers. There he was admitted to the joint venture of the USSR. During the speech at the said congress, M. Gorky particularly noted the work of our hero "I love."

The next important year in the writer's biography is 1935. Then he delivered a speech at the Seventh All-Union Congress of Soviets. The theme sounded like this: "For which I applauded Comrade Stalin." Then he noted that he is a writer, so he dreams of creating a truly unforgettable work.

Our hero lived in Moscow. He was a student at the Literary Institute. Worked in the editorial office of the newspaper Pravda. A new novel called "Capital" was criticized by Gorky. In 1936, at the suggestion of S. Ordzhonikidze, he went to the Donbass. Lived in Makeyevka. He worked on the creation of a new novel about miners called "The State Is Me". The book was completed in 1938, but it was never published.

Our hero was elected a deputy of the All-UkrainianCongress of Soviets. Later his post changed. He became a deputy of the city council of Makeyevka. In 1939, as a special correspondent of Pravda, he traveled to the territory of the annexed Western Ukraine. In 1940, according to the script of our hero, the picture "The Law of Life" was filmed. This tape was subjected to crushing criticism, coming from the party press. The reason was called slander against student Soviet youth. After the meeting of the Central Committee of the CPSU (B), our hero was expelled from the Writers' Union and the Party, and also fired from the newspaper Pravda. The Central Committee secretaries Joseph Stalin and Andrei Zhdanov, as well as writers Alexander Fadeyev, Nikolai Pogodin and Nikolai Aseev, voiced critical criticism of the author.

After the exceptions, he began working again at the mineassistant driver. In 1941, according to the writer's recollections, he was not taken to the front as a volunteer. He was listed in the political composition, and the demotion of our hero to the rank and file took several months. The lieutenant left the mortar school. In the active army came only in 1942.

According to the son of our hero, he began writing forvarious front-line newspapers. I sent the essays unsuccessfully to the "Red Star". This continued until one of the works (The Atonement by Blood), David Ortenberg, editor of the newspaper, at great risk, sent Stalin. This essay told of a former officer who committed a feat in the penal battalion. At night, a call came from Stalin, he said that the work could be published, and its author redeemed the guilt. So the writer returned to the world of literature. After that, he managed to write many books, but he never got rid of the pain that unfair punishment brought him, although he believed in the ideas of socialism. He trusted Stalin as much as he did until the whole truth about the actions of the commander-in-chief became known to him.

The writer's son recalls that one day, afterheart attack, his father began to talk about Stalin. Then he asked the writer to think about himself. To which our hero replied that he could not let go of Stalin. From 1942 to 1945, the author of the books was at the front, having received the post of military correspondent of the newspaper under the title "For the Fatherland", which came out in 131 divisions. Then he began to work in the publication "Son of the Motherland".

Creation

over the Tissa
Avdeenko Alexander is the author of more than 40 books. The works of our hero are translated into fifteen languages, among them Hungarian, Chinese and English. One of his most famous works is the story "Above the Tissa". As a critic and publicist printed on the pages of newspapers "Pravda" and "Soviet culture", as well as magazines "Banner" and "Soviet Screen".

Novels

alexander avdeenko biography
Avdeenko Alexander Ostapovich is the author"In the sweat of his face". His novels also include novels: "I love", "This is your light", "Black bells", "Trud", "Fate", "In the footsteps of invisibles", "Danube nights".

Book editions

alexander avdeenko writer
In 1933 Avdeenko Alexander wrote the novel "I love." In 1934 the work "The History of the Red Nicanor" was published. In 1936 the books "One Hundred Days" and "Fate" were published. In 1946 appeared "Diary of my friend." In 1951, the novel "Work" was published. In 1954 the works "The Road to Verkhovyna" and "Above the Tissa" were written. In 1955 the novel "Mountain spring" was published. In 1957, the book "At the Carpathian fire" appeared. In 1960, the work "Faith, Hope, Love" was published, containing essays, stories and stories about the war.

In 1970 the work "All the beauty of mankind. The front diary. " In 1971, the book "Travel with a friend" was written. In 1972, the documentary novel "Pathfinder" appeared. In 1975, the book "Rendezvous with Magnitogorsk" was published. In 1977, the works "Enter the fire in which I burn" and "Border" were created. In 1981, there appeared the story "Zastava your name." From 1982 to 1983 the collection of the writer's works was published in four volumes. In 1989, the book of memoirs "Excommunication" appeared. In 1991, the memoirs of our hero were published under the title "Punishment without crime."

Other jobs

Avdeenko Alexander created works"Redemption in Blood", "In the Edge of Heaven". He owns the cycles of stories "Rovesniki" and "Play." Based on the works of our hero, the films "I Love", "The Law of Life", "Above the Tissa" were filmed.

Awards

avdeenko alexander stapovich
Alexander Avdeenko in 1944 was awarded the Order of the Red Star. In 1969 he received the "Badge of Honor". He was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor. Received an award from the publication "Soviet Culture". He was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree. He is the owner of the medal "For distinction in the protection of the state border of the USSR".

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