The first author of the work "Life of SergiusRadonezhsky ", a summary of which is presented here, Epiphanius the Wise. He took up this work the next year after the death of the Reverend, that is, in 1393, according to a new style. Unfortunately, the death of Epiphany prevented him from completing his work on life, and before us the official script signed by Epiphany's hand did not reach the lists. It is difficult for an unprepared modern reader to perceive the text written in the XIV century, so today it is most often not the modern revision, but the modern revision, authored by Boris Zaitsev, that is the Life of Sergius of Radonezh.
Features of life
When you begin to read the life of a saint,It is necessary to have an idea of the peculiarities of the genre and to understand that this is not a hundred percent reliable story, but it is not an absolute fiction either. In the course of the exposition of the work "The Life of Sergius of Radonezh", a brief summary of which will follow, I will note certain features of life as a genre.
Childhood and youth
The future ascetic was born in the family of the princeserving Cyril and his wife - Mary, a child in the world was given the name Bartholomew. As Epiphanius writes, little Bartholomew showed strict piety from the very infancy. (By the way, this is the canonical moment for life - an emphasis on the fact that the future saint differed from others in behavior as early as childhood.) Bartholomew was hard at teaching, even in spite of his zeal, but once he met an old man in the forest, took him to his house, where they prayed together. The elder gave Bartholomew the prosphora and the Psalter, opened at one of the most difficult moments. After he had eaten the whey, the young man began to read aloud without hesitation, although he had not been able to do this before. After the death of his parents Bartholomew goes to a secluded life with his brother Stefan. The invited hegumen Mitrofan tonsures him into monasticism with the name of Sergius.
"The Life of Sergius of Radonezh", summarywho does not give an opportunity to describe the ascetic life of St. Sergius, reports that about 20 years later he retired to desert places where he worked, prayed, succumbed to his exploits and fasted for a long time. Demons and the devil himself tried to seduce and intimidate the saint, but he did not succumb. (By the way, mention of satanic intrigues and temptations in the life is almost mandatory.) Beasts began to come to Sergius, including a memorable bear.
The monastery around the cell of Sergius
Having heard about the wonderful ascetic, people came towith his sorrows and cares, seeking solace. Gradually, around the secluded cell, the monastery gathered in the forest. Sergius refused to accept the dignity of the hegumen, but insisted on a very strict charter of the monastery. Once the monastery finished bread. There were no products to take, the monks began to grumble and starve. Sergius kept praying and instructing his companions about patience. Suddenly unknown merchants arrived at the monastery, unloaded a lot of food and disappeared in an unknown direction. Soon after the prayer of Sergius, a source of clean, healing water was hammered around the monastery.
There are many stories about the miracles of St. Sergius. You can read about them in the original, in our own version - "The Life of Sergius of Radonezh: A Brief Content" - it should be said that the saint always hid his good deeds and was very upset, showing true Christian humility when he was tried to reward or thank him. Nevertheless, the glory of the saint grew more and more. It is well known that it was the Monk Sergei of Radonezh who blessed Dmitry Donskoy for the Kulikovo Battle. Saint devoted almost all of his time to hard work and prayer, the rest spent in soul-saving talks with all comers.
The humble, holy ascetic knew for six monthsabout his own demise (which is also the canonical element of life). He died in 1393, at the end of September, and was buried in the right vestibule of the church of the monastery. For many centuries of existence and prosperity through the prayers of his patron saint, the monastery has turned into one of the largest and most significant laurels of the world - the Holy Trinity St. Sergius Lavra.
You have read the article "The Life of Sergius of Radonezh: A Brief Content", but, without a doubt, the work of Epiphanius is worth reading.