Since the childhood with us on a life go on charactersworks of Krylov. The moral of Krylov's fable, any of them, often helps us to understand life situations, to draw the right conclusions in a difficult case. Fable as such, we read from early school years! And in our memory you store these bright images, which come to mind when there is a "stalemate" situation. For example, the morale of Krylov's fable helps us live! And we do not get tired of being surprised by the author's insight.
Then remember Moska, barking at the Elephant, vainly trying to impress fearless and brave. And many believe it!
Then, before your eyes, the Monkey, mocking herself, did not recognize her image in the mirror.
Then the Wolf explains to the Lamb that, he says, he is to blame for everything only because he wants to eat the Wolf ...
The Martyr (and this is especially true nowadays!), Not knowing the value of the glasses, is breaking against the stone!
All this is Krylov's famous fable. The moral of each of them, as a rule, consists in several capacious words or phrases, rhymed by the author for a memorization. Yes, every morality of Krylov's fable has long turned into a "winged expression", as we are accustomed to call it! Krylov's word is sharp!
Some critics say that, they say, Ivan Krylovwrote at all for children, and the true meaning of his fables to children is not clear. But the moral of the fable of Krylov, almost everyone, is written out so clearly that everyone understands it, even a child! And we need to hear: "... this is the moral of the fable ..." - Krylov is implied immediately!
Krylov and Aesop
Compare the works of Krylov with the worksthe famous Greek literary writer Aesop (from which the phrase "Aesopian language", the language of allegory) came from him. Compared with the fables of Aesop, who lived in the sixth century BC, the fables of Ivan Krylov differ in the national character of the characters. And also in Krylov plots masterfully rhymed, have capacious phrases, clearly remembered by readers. For example, "The Ant and the Beetle" by Aesop and Krylov's "Dragonfly and the Ant".
"Dragonfly and the Ant" and "The Ant and the Beetle"
So what do these works have in common and how do they differ?
General, no doubt, the plot. Characters also resonate with each other. But Aesop's Beetle will sympathize with the Ant, and the Ant, in turn, is limited only by saying a reproach: "If you worked, you would not sit without food". The position of the Russian fabulist is much tougher in relation to idlers and parasites: "so go, poplyashi!"
Dragonfly and Beetle are somewhat similar (probably becauseand that and another - insects!), but their behavior in both cases causes the reaction of the Ant. In the case of Aesop, this is a softer morality, rather, a wish that implies empathy. And in the case of Krylov, we see a direct rebuke and a desire to "go dancing" without any apparent sympathy for the Dragonfly that suffered from the disaster.
In addition, Krylov development of the plot helpsrhyme - and the fable is better remembered by ear! Krylov is inclined to use national images, to tie the plot of the fable to "national realities," and from this the narrative becomes even brighter, even more weighty.