Nikolai Nekrasov is a man whose valueit is difficult to underestimate. Russian literature and social thought look quite different if you look at them from two time points that determine the dates of its arrival and departure from them. Analysis of the poem "Muse" gives us the key to a deeper understanding of the creativity of this author.
Poet and Citizen
Creativity of Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov openeda new era in the development of Russian literature of the nineteenth century. Nekrasov designated a number of semantic directions, which he simply did not exist. The poet was one of the first who could draw the attention of his reader towards a simple Russian worker. His poetry is imbued with a vivid civil feeling. For a deeper understanding of the creative method of the poet, it is best to analyze some of his works that are considered key. To those, of course, is the verse of Nekrasov's "Muse", dated 1852 year. In a sense, it is software. In this early work for the first time images and meanings that will pass through all subsequent creativity of the poet are designated.
Analysis of the poem Nekrasov "Muse"
In this lengthy text, the poet reflects on thesources of inspiration and creativity. Here two opposing beginnings, to which the poet's inspiration is gravitating, are strikingly marked - the aspiration to the transcendental heights and compassion to simple humble people who are far from the celestial spheres. And the lyric hero of the poem on behalf of the poet makes his final choice in favor of those who need his songs on earth. The image of Muza Nekrasov appears in his poem in the form of "... an eternally crying and incomprehensible virgin". Inspired by her, the poet is immersed in the whirlpool and boiling of earthly passions. He finds his calling in the first place to be heard by earthly people, and not by transcendental angels. A look through this allegory to all subsequent work of the poet fully confirms the choice he made in his youth.
Through the years of hard work
Exquisite analysis of the poem by Nekrasov"Muse" allows you to conclude that the work was quite traditional in form and too pretentious for its content. But such a conclusion will be groundless. With all the naivety of their poetic declarations, Nekrasov carried faithfulness to them through his whole life. And she was very difficult. The path to prosperity and fame lay after many years of hard work and existence on the verge of poverty. Over the years, the poet did not stand out as anything special against the background of those people who addressed his poems. Actually, all this earthly whirlwind and depicted in his early poem "Muse" Nekrasov. Analysis of the text of this work allows us to understand from which sources he drew his inspiration. The poet recognizes the power of only one muse - "The sad companion of the sad poor, born for work, suffering and bondage." It should be understood that this choice was rather unusual and even provocative. He contradicted the generally accepted opinion about the elitist appointment of poetic creativity.
Stylistic features of new poetry
Analysis of the poem Nekrasov "Muse"testifies to the moral and aesthetic choice that the poet made. Already in this work clearly marked the circle of images and themes to which the author intends to devote all his future creativity. At the same time the poem itself is written in a fairly traditional language. But the point here is that further movement in the chosen direction required new expressive possibilities. It was pointless to write about serf peasants in the language of salon poetry. And Nikolai Nekrasov was at the height of the chosen mission. He introduced into the Russian literature whole lexical layers, which before him in the literary Russian language was practically nonexistent. The imaginative poetic system of Nikolai Nekrasov turned out to be brightly individual. His inimitable style has spawned a lot of followers and imitators.
Singer of the working people
Poet Nikolai Alekseevich Nekrasov brought in hiscreativity such a gallery of images, the appearance of which until very recently it was impossible to imagine. The peasant serfs, if they appeared on the pages of literary works, only in the form of characters of the second and third plan. For many, this turned out to be a surprise, but on the proscenium of Russian literature were simple toilers-tillers, peasants "from the plow". The enlightened aristocratic audience got acquainted with the world of the Russian common people. This was, without exaggeration, a poetic discovery. He committed the faithfulness to his aesthetic principles, once designated in the poem "Muse", Nekrasov. An analysis of the subsequent literary process shows that his open view of the world turned out to be a backbone for Russian art. The poet created a whole direction. Not only a literary school, facing the everyday existence of the common people, but also a new direction in public thought and journalism.
Path to freedom
Analysis of the poem Nekrasov "Muse" after hiswriting testified only to the direction chosen by the poet in the development of his work. But he could not even imagine the social resonance that poetic creativity could provoke. With his poetry, Nikolai Nekrasov woke up in society forces that, like himself, did not suit the existing order of things. Of course, he was not alone in his aspirations. A powerful upsurge of the Russian social movement led to radical changes in the established by the centuries the foundations of Russian society. Under strong pressure from below, in 1861 such a medieval vestige as serfdom was abolished. This was a grandiose event in Russian history, but, according to the poet's testimony, did not bring the people the expected happiness and general prosperity. But all the subsequent movement of social thought was inspired, among other things, by the poetry of Nekrasov and his followers. Virtually all Russian revolutionaries and progressive public figures were devoted fans and readers of the poet.