The approach of Emile Durkheim
As already mentioned, the concept of anomie belongs to Durkheim, who believed that the absence of violation of laws and regulations in society reflects his morbid state.
Suicide as an indicator of anomie
Why did Durkheim pay special attention toan increasing number of suicides in splitting societies? All because anomie is first of all loss of a support of a society. In the transition from one ideals to another, with the change of authority, power, a person is simply disoriented. People are pretty rigid creatures. Having once become accustomed to a certain way of life, it is very difficult for a person to later change his views and beliefs. And with age it becomes more difficult to do. And suddenly there is a revolution, a radical change in the life of society! The old ideals are trampled, what should we rely on? What's right, what's wrong? People get confused, because they get a support from under their feet. People in despair commit suicide. When this happens everywhere, an anomia is established. This is one of the most striking indicators of the crisis in the society.
Characteristics of an Anonymous Society
1) Public norms and values begin to contradict each other, become vague.
2) The behavior of members of society can not be more effectively regulated by existing norms and rules.
3) Crisis state of society, when the oldthe value system is destroyed, and the new one has not yet appeared or has not been established in the society. In this situation, there is some or all of the regulatory regulation of behavior.
So, as already mentioned, anomie is characterized by an increased number of suicides, a general state of frustration and apathy, a sharp increase in the number of crimes.