In the light of today's events, the issue of disarmament is very acute. From this article you will learn what demilitarization is, how it is conducted and what it is needed for.
The notion of demilitarization
This process is aimed at obtaininginternational guarantees that the disarmed territory will not be in danger and no one will attack it. Such a procedure became necessary after the end of the Second World War, especially since at the moment there is a large number of dangerous nuclear and atomic weapons of mass destruction in the world, which requires strict control and should not be used to exterminate people. Naturally, this process is very expensive for the country.
Features of the procedure
Now let us consider what is the demilitarization of the economy. This procedure is performed in several stages:
- reorientation of military production for peaceful purposes - that is, enterprises that used to make weapons must produce other products;
- Reduction of state investments for the development of troops and a gradual reduction in their number;
- international control of disarmament;
- conservation and maintenance of the correct storage of substances hazardous to life and health that can be used for mass destruction of the population.
It should be noted that the agreement on demilitarization can be complete or partial. In the second case, the document prohibits military activities in the specified territory in part.
Features of the disarmament of Germany
The active aspiration of the world community toDisarmament appeared only after the Second World War. At that time, the world community - in the person of the USSR, the US and Great Britain - concluded an agreement that Germany should be completely demilitarized. However, such an agreement was undermined in 1946 by the United States, which subsequently incorporated the FRG into NATO.
To date, Germany is one of the main peacekeepers, although it has its own army.
Features of neutralizing the territory
The concept presented is inextricably linked withdisarmament. Demilitarization and neutralization provide for the exclusion of certain territories from the zone where military operations can be conducted. That is, the state can carry out certain army manipulations, but not everywhere. On those lands where neutralization operates, such activities are prohibited. However, in this territory it is allowed to keep certain armed forces, which are intended for defense in case of an attack.
Now you know what demilitarization and neutralization are. These are processes that are very relevant in the light of today's events in the world.