During all time of existence peopletried to create the most effective regulators of relations within the society. The search was carried out in order that the human activity became maximally orderly, formed and effective. After all, a quality organization is the key to the realization of all the goals set. However, it was not possible to find a successful regulator of public relations for a long time. This problematic was due to the fact that people took as the basis of the wrong factors in building power.
For many centuries, activitiesstates was based on religion, violence and other similar points. Only in the modern period was the right a key factor in the activities of all countries. In addition, the principles of state power were substantially refined by thinkers of that time. Their achievements in the field of the governance of the state led to the creation of the principle of the separation of power. He, in turn, laid the foundation for a representative government, which today effectively works and develops. In addition, the representative bodies of power of the Russian Federation have a lot of their own characteristics, which are determined by the specifics of our country as a whole.
The principle of separation of public administration: concept, meaning
Representative authorities are a compositepart of the apparatus of our country. However, his work is subordinated to the influence of certain principles recognized by the international community. They exist for years, and also have a fairly strong influence on the system of government in any country. One of these is the principle of the separation of state administration into three branches independent of each other. According to its provisions, the power in any state has a legislative, executive and judicial component. It is worth noting the fact that the principle has significantly changed people's understanding of the features of government. He showed the total ineffectiveness of individual management, which existed in many monarchies. The authors of the principle of power sharing were Jean Louis de Montesquieu and John Locke.
What is representative management?
The term mentioned in the article is quite oftenis identified with the legislature. This interpretation has its own peculiarities, but in theory it is not entirely true. The bottom line is that representative bodies of power are a broader concept than legislative departments. In other words, the latter are a structural part of the former. In this case, a logical question arises: what is representative power in general? In the broadest sense, this term denotes the sphere of social regulation, which was created directly by the society. In other words, a certain community of people, endowed with inalienable civil rights, delegates its capabilities to certain bodies. That is, the main feature of the representative government is its electivity. This aspect is a key factor in building democracy in modern society.
The concept of representative bodies
So, given the previously presented moments,it can be concluded that representative authorities are those directly created or selected by the people of a particular country. Their legal basis is the delegated rights of citizens of the state. At the same time, representative bodies of power function on the basis of the principle of openness, transparency, etc.
Representative and legislative body
In theory, very often there are disputes aboutidentity of certain departments. As we found out, the legislative bodies are part of the representative government. In fact, the parliament of any country is a representative body, which is due to several factors.
- First, the legislature is elected directly by the people of the state.
- Secondly, it has the exclusive right to issue regulations of higher legal force.
- Thirdly, the parliament, as a rule, has the greatest possibilities in the structure of the mechanism of retention and balances. In other words, its influence on other authorities is the most powerful.
Therefore, legislatures arerepresentative, but are they the only element of the whole system? The structure of the mentioned sphere of regulation also includes other departments. They are not so extensive, but their influence is no less than that of the parliament. In this case, we are talking about local governments. However, their features will be discussed later in the article.
The powers of parliament on the example of the Russian Federation
One of the most important representative bodies of the Russian Federationpossesses a number of exclusive rights. This indicates the breadth of his competence. It should be noted that in Russia the highest representative legislative body is the Federal Assembly. The Office has two chambers: the Council of the Federation and the State Duma. Members of both houses become members of the body by appointment through elections. The most prominent powers of the Federal Assembly include:
- The possibility of adopting the Constitution and amendments to it.
- Edition of Federal Laws.
- The implementation of control over the activities of the authorities and their compliance with the law.
- Other powers provided by the current regulatory system.
As we see, the activities of the legislativeauthorities in Russia is quite extensive, as evidenced by the competence of such departments. However, the Federal Assembly is not the only representative body in the territory of the Russian Federation. These include a large number of other departments. In theory, they have the name "representative body of the municipality." In other words, we are talking about local government departments that exist on the territory of all the subjects of Russia.
Parliaments of the Russian Federation
Local government at all times wasunique phenomenon of human self-organization. In the structure of government bodies, this branch is absolutely independent. At the same time, the theory of separation never allowed for local government. Nevertheless, its existence is simply necessary, because the territorial units, especially in the Russian Federation, are united by large human communities, whose activities must be regulated. It should also be noted that the representative body of a municipality in each part of our state has its own name, for example: in Yakutia it is called Sakha, in Karelia it is called the Chamber of the Republic and Representatives, etc. However, the powers of all local governments are relatively similar
Legislative representative bodies of subjectsThe Russian Federation in its work perform a number of fairly important functions. Their main task, as we understand it, is the publication of regulations, of a local type. At the same time, the data of the LA must not contradict the federal legislation and, of course, the Constitution of Russia. In addition, municipal authorities have the authority to regulate issues related to the life of the territories under their control. It should be noted that the parliaments of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are elected departments.
So, in the article, we found thatrepresent representative authorities. This concept has a large variety of interpretations, which include all sorts of additions. Nevertheless, the modern system of representative bodies of Russia is quite effective and efficient.