Scarlet fever is quite commoninfectious disease, especially in children. Fortunately, the disease is easily treatable, especially if therapy is started in the early stages. Therefore, questions about what are the signs of scarlet fever in a child are of interest to many parents. After all, the sooner the child is provided with qualified care, the lower the risk of complications.
Causes of developing scarlet fever
Statistical data indicate thatchildren of the age of 2 to 9 are most likely to be infected with this infection. And before you consider the main signs of scarlet fever in a child, it is worth familiar with the cause of the disease. Throat lesions occur when certain strains of streptococcus enter the body. In this case, infection occurs when contact with a person suffering from scarlet fever or sore throat (bacteria are carried through the air). Undoubtedly, the immune system of the child is important here: according to statistics, the incidence rate increases in the cold season, when the baby's body has to deal with hypothermia. It is interesting that streptococcus affects the throat, causing angina. All other symptoms (for example, rash) are the result of the body's reaction to toxins released by pathogenic microorganisms.
Signs of scarlet fever in children (photo)
In most cases, the incubation period lastsabout four days. But, on the other hand, there are cases when the first signs of scarlet fever in children appeared several hours after contact with the infected person.
- The disease begins acutely, and its first symptoms resemble angina. There is an increase in temperature, congestion, sore throat when swallowing, weakness and aches in the body, a grayish coating on the tongue.
- After 1-2 days on the body begin to appearcharacteristic small rashes that thickly cover the skin of the neck and trunk. It should be noted that on the folds (for example, under the knees and on the inner side of the elbows), the rash has a brighter shade. On the face you can see large red spots on the cheeks and cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle - these are also signs of scarlet fever in the child.
- After 2-4 days, the tongue is completely cleared of plaque and acquires a characteristic rich crimson shade.
Scarlet fever: treatment and possible complications
In some cases, the disease causes severe, andsometimes extremely dangerous complications. To begin with, it is worth noting that scarlet fever is often complicated by inflammation of the middle ear, as well as by damage to the mucous membrane of the nasal sinuses, which leads to the development of sinusitis. In addition, extensive allergic reactions to toxins, excreted by the pathogen, are possible. In some cases, there are also pustular skin inflammations. In the most severe cases, the disease affects the joints and kidneys. That's why, after noticing signs of scarlet fever in a child, it is worth calling a doctor as soon as possible.
With mild forms of the disease treatment is conductedat home, hospitalization is shown only to children with a serious course of the disease. Therapy reduces to a bed rest, reception of antibiotics and sparing diet. To accelerate the healing process, it is recommended to take vitamins, immunomodulating agents, and regular throat rinses.