/ / Seborrheic keratosis

Seborrheic keratosis

Seborrheic keratosis is a precancerous diseaseskin that is benign. It is not for nothing that this disease is called an old age wart in the people, because it arises, indeed, mainly in old age and looks like an enlarged wart in appearance.

The causes of this pathology, nonethe doctor does not undertake to explain. There are only assumptions that these or other factors can start the process of transformation of the surface layer of the epidermis.

Seborrheic keratosis is formed mainly on "worn out skin", and therefore, the main etiological factor can be considered old age.

Immediate link formation of precancerousprocess and increased insolation is not revealed. However, in patients with permanent traumatization of keratocytes (cells of the upper layer of the epidermis), the risk of developing a skin tumor in the future is significantly increased.

Thus, it can be concluded thatSeborrheic keratosis has a "solid foundation" of permanently injured epidermis. This can be the effect of acids and alkalis, soap and powder. Irritating to the skin is also sunlight and cold temperature. High humidity and dry air also negatively affect the external tissues of the body.

How does it look like seborrheic keratosis?

This disease begins with small spotsor papules, painted in pink or slightly brownish color. At this stage, the precancerous disease can not disturb the patient and does not cause fear. Due to the age-specific features of the psyche, people do not consult a specialist for advice. Meanwhile, the formation increases in size and acquires a dark rich color. To the touch, the keratotic focus becomes very dense and can reach 2-3 cm in height. This education grows and everything becomes more like a wart in appearance.

If you consider the element of keratosis under a magnifying glass ormicroscope, it is possible to detect small inclusions of black color, as well as the presence of a large number of cracks. This occurs as a result of the retention of horny masses in the epidermis. Such keratosis tends to malignancy - and here it is necessary to monitor the patient.

Diagnosis of seborrheic keratosis is notgreat work. The diagnosis is based on the clinical picture. Usually the number of elements on the patient's body does not exceed 20 formations. They can be located practically on any site, except mucous membranes, feet and palms. Very rarely keratosis can be seen on the face and neck, much more often on the chest and back.

Education has a wide range of sizes: from the smallest (0.2 cm) to large and giant (3-6 cm).

When an appointment with a dermatologist is received by patients witha classic clinical picture, they are immediately diagnosed with a diagnosis of "seborrheic keratosis." Treatment of such a disease is nonspecific - removing stains and preventing their growth. It should be noted that the spots "grow" not very quickly, but to remove small formations is much easier than larger ones. Therefore, the doctor must plan his actions even at the stage of a small speck or papule. Unfortunately, patients with already formed large keratogenic formations, who need to be removed correctly and quickly, are more often treated.

For this you can use a simple techniquetreatment with liquid nitrogen. A special tool is placed in the container with this preparation for a while, and then they need to freeze the removed element within 5 seconds. After 3-4 days the spot disappears, and in its place is visible only a section of healthy skin. This is an excellent method of removing keratosis in visible parts of the body: face, neck and hands.

Speaking about precancerous diseases, you can notto mention that keratosis of the cervix is ​​currently one of the most common problems in gynecology. The research in the field of creation of vaccines and serums in the fight against this disease is actively conducted. More and more drugs and biological supplements are being sent to strengthen the female reproductive organs.

However, cases of this disease are still recorded and transformed into a malignant tumor process with untimely and incorrect treatment.