Frantiskovy Lazne (German.Franzensbad) - a small resort town near the town of Cheb in the west of the Czech Republic. The city is located near the border with Germany. Together with the neighboring Mariánské Lázně and Karlovy Vary, it forms the famous Western Bohemian SPA triangle. The historical center of the city is a candidate for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage.
The population of Františkovy Lázně is 5355 people. The distance from Prague is 200 kilometers.
City `s history
Frantiskovy Lazne is known all over the world asSPA-resort. The curative effect of local sources is known since the end of the 14th century. George Agricola (1494 - 1555) in his writings speaks of the water that the inhabitants of Cheb drink. According to the laws of the time, water from sources brought to the city was used for charitable purposes. Later, this water was poured into clay bottles for sale. In 1700, mineral water from local keys was sold more than all the resorts of the empire combined. Around 1705 on the site of a mineral geyser known as Franzenskvelle, a hotel was built.
The modern city was officially founded in 1793. At the time of the Emperor Francis II it was called the Kaiser Franzensdorf, later it was renamed Franzensbad. Under this name, he became famous.
SPA-center was founded by the doctor Bernhard Adler(1753 - 1810), which contributed to the transformation of marshland with trails and footpaths to a famous resort. He promoted the expansion of existing facilities for those who sought healing.
In 1791in Franzenskvelle, Dr. Adler built a new pavilion and a swimming pool. This he provoked discontent among the numerous women who earned their living by mining, transporting and selling mineral water in Cheb. Not wanting to lose their source of income, they fiercely resisted the doctor's plans and eventually destroyed his building. The city council took the side of the doctor and assisted in restoring and transforming the premises into a sanatorium. A magnificent recreation area was established and transport links with the city of Cheb were established.
Celebrities staying here
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was one of the mostfirst famous guests. His visits to Frantsensbad with Johannes Urzidil were described in detail in the book Goethe in Böhmen. Also one of the first visited this resort was Ludwig van Beethoven, accompanied by Antonia Brentano and her family.
In the 19th century, numerous aristocrats, especiallyRussian nobles, were patients practicing here famous doctors, thus strengthening the reputation of Frantiskovy Lazne (Franzensbad) as an exclusive resort. The world's first peat bath was opened in Františkovy Lázně, the reviews were the most enthusiastic. Among the ladies she was very popular.
The public SPA-house was built in 1827.
The writer Maria von Ebner-Eschenbach immortalized her stay here in her early work "Aus Franzensbad" in 1858.
Among other outstanding guests were Theodore Herzl, Emperor Francis Joseph I and Archduke Charles I.
In 1862, Franzensbad received an autonomous municipality and three years later city privileges.
Years of crisis
After the First World War, the resort began to lose its prestige. As part of the new state of Czechoslovakia, the health resort lost many of its guests and was badly affected by the Great Depression of 1929.
After the Second World War, German and Hungarianthe population was expelled from Czechoslovakia, deprived of citizenship and property in accordance with the decrees of Benes. Many of them settled in Bayreuth in German Bavaria.
SPA-objects have been nationalized forthe influence of the Communist Party. After the Velvet Revolution of 1989, a joint stock company was established, which sought to improve the status of the Frantiskovy Lazne and make it more attractive to foreigners.
Natural water from local springs hasa unique composition - it contains a large volume of carbon dioxide and sodium sulfate. High effect of carbonic baths is observed in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, chronic inflammatory processes in the body, rheumatism. Adoption of mineral baths improves blood circulation in tissues and promotes autonomic stabilization.
The mud bath has a thermal, chemicaland mechanical effect, this is a traditional medical method. The combination of curative mud and mineral water is heated to a temperature that is significantly higher than body temperature. Treatment has a positive effect on muscle pain and mobility.
The local spa corporation is the largest in the Czech Republic.
Types and methods of sanatorium treatment
In Františkovy Lázně the treatment is based on the main SPA-procedures, during which natural healing resources are used:
- Thermotherapy (wrapping parafango, mud wrap, paraffin wrap).
- Hydrotherapy (mineral bath, mud bath, foam bath, hydromassage bath, underwater massage).
- Massages (acupressure massage, aromatherapy, reflexive foot massage, classical, lymph drainage, linear massage of the lower extremities, antimigrene, reflexive).
- Kinesitherapy (group therapeutic exercises, individual, swimming pool exercises, manual therapy).
- Therapy with carbon dioxide (gas injections, dry carbon dioxide bath).
- Relaxation massage (chocolate, honey, hot stone massage, Hawaiian).
- Other procedures (hydrocolonotherapy, electrotherapy, inhalation, magnetotherapy, oxygen therapy, ultrasound).
The permission of the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic uses natural medicinal resources - mineral water and peat from local deposits.
Thermotherapy: mud wrap
Peat, which is used for wrapping,comes from the region of Frantiskovy Lazne. It is sulfur-trivalent peat with a large share of reeds. It is used in a crushed form mixed with water, which heats up to 42-43 ° C. Minerals contained in peat penetrate the skin. High temperature increases blood circulation in the body, and also improves metabolism, which accelerates the absorption of inflammatory infiltrates and relaxes both skeletal muscles, as well as smooth vascular muscles. The procedure time is 20 minutes.
Hydrotherapy: a bath with carbonic acid
For baths with carbon dioxide is usednatural mineral water from the source of Stephanie. The water temperature is 33 to 34 ° C, it is a hypothermic bath. The sensation of cold disappears after a few seconds, when the bubbles of carbon dioxide create a continuous film on the surface of the skin. Carbon dioxide is absorbed by the skin and causes a chemical reaction in the body, first dilating the blood vessels near the surface of the skin, and then deep blood vessels. In general, the reviews indicate that blood perfusion improves, blood pressure drops. Mineral baths are used, among other things, for diseases of the musculoskeletal system, gynecological and urological disorders. The procedure time is 20 minutes.
Peat, which is used for the bath, comesfrom the area of Frantiskovy Lazne. It is sulfur-trivalent peat with a large share of reeds. Peat is added to the mineral water from the source of Stephanie. During bathing, the whole body heats up. After the bath, the patient feels relaxed. Patients' reviews contain information that the mud bath effect is also analgesic, bactericidal and virucidal. Duration - 20 minutes.
It is a bath for the whole body, the temperature fluctuatesbetween 36 and 38 ° C. Circulation of water and air flows leads to massage, improves blood supply to the limbs, improves metabolism and stimulates skin cells. Hydromassage helps cure lymphatic tumors, rheumatic diseases and post-traumatic conditions. Also useful for patients with muscle atrophy, peripheral paralysis and diabetes. Duration - 20 minutes.
Carbon Dioxide Therapy: Gas Injections
Gas injections are a type of reflexive therapy.Used medicinal 100% carbon dioxide, which is injected under the skin in a maximum amount of 200 ml per session. The initial effect may be uncomfortable or even painful, but after a few minutes it turns into a pleasant, warm feeling. The skin around the injection site turns red for a short time. Reviews suggest that carbon dioxide causes the expansion of small blood vessels, which in turn leads to muscle relaxation and pain relief. Repeated applications improve the nutrition of tissues.
Dry carbonic acid bath
The procedure is carried out in a sitting position.The legs and part of the body below the patient's waist are in a plastic bag filled with medicinal 100% carbon dioxide. Gas quickly penetrates the skin, even through clothing. There is an expansion of the blood vessels, first at the surface of the skin, then deep. As the patients say, thanks to this effect, blood pressure throughout the body falls, blood supply to the lower extremities improves, inflammatory manifestations decrease. An increased level of carbon dioxide positively affects the function of the kidneys. The effects of a dry bath with carbon dioxide are almost identical to the effects of a mineral bath, so this treatment is suitable even for people with skin diseases. The procedure lasts 20 minutes.
Ultrasound converts electrical energy intomechanical and thermal, thereby massaging the tissue at the micro level. Frequencies between 0.75 and 3 MHz allow for targeted treatment of deep subcutaneous structures. This leads to improved perfusion of blood and nutrition of tissues, relaxation of muscle contractures, softening of scars and reduction of edema. According to reviews, for musculoskeletal disorders, the effect of ultrasound is analgesic and anti-inflammatory. Duration - up to 10 minutes.
For inhalations, mineral water is used,which improves the respiratory function of the mucous membranes of the respiratory system. Water is effective against inflammation, dissolves phlegm and relieves cough. If there is a severe difficulty in breathing, medicines can be added to the water. In normal cases, natural salts or plant extracts are added to the water. The procedure lasts no more than 10 minutes.
While staying in Františkovy Lázně, hotels offer a wide range of general wellness balneotherapy procedures.
Sources Frantiskovy Lazne: indications for treatment
Usually the duration of treatment is21 or 28 days. Therapy is prescribed to patients by their physicians. The duration and content of therapeutic procedures is determined by the medical staff of the sanatorium on the basis of the examination of the examinee upon his arrival at the SPA center. The doctor appoints the exact composition of water-drinking treatment and SPA-procedures.
The trip here is indicated for diseasescardiovascular system, gynecological diseases, hypertension, metabolic disorders and endocrine glands, diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Almost all the sanatoriums of Františkovy Lázně (Czech Republic)have on their territory mineral springs. The water temperature in them is from 9 to 11 ° C. Of the 21 sources part is used for drinking, and others - in various SPA-procedures. Numerous springs can be found in the colonnades and pavilions located in the SPA zone.