In the modern world there is a huge amountvarious diseases. In this article, I want to touch upon a subject such as atherosclerosis: what it is, what kinds of disease it is and how it can be combated.
About the concept
Before you understand what this meansillness, you need to decide on the concept. So, atherosclerosis, what is it? This disease is of a chronic nature. It is characterized by the fact that atherosclerotic plaques (accumulation of fats, proliferation of connective tissue) are formed on the walls of the vessels, which narrow the lumen of the blood vessels, and also prevent the normal passage of blood, which leads to the defeat of various organs.
Causes of the disease
Important are also the causes ofdisease. If a person found in this list what is directly related to him, it is worth to sound an alarm, because now he is at risk. It should also be said that the reasons are divided into two huge groups: mutable and unchangeable. Immutable causes are those that can not be changed with the help of various medications or because of the patient's desire. First of all, this is the age of a person. The risk of developing this disease increases with age, especially careful in this regard, you need to be with 45-50 years.
The second factor is sex.There is a statistic that says that this disease occurs in men 10 years earlier, and by the age of 50 the representatives of the stronger sex with this disease are 4 times more than women. However, approximately from the age of 50, the situation is changing, and the patients are becoming equally divided. All the fault of the change in the female hormonal background, that is, the onset of menopause in women.
Well, the last factor in the development of thisdisease - genetic predisposition. People who have close relatives with this disease should be extremely attentive to their health. Considering such a problem as atherosclerosis - what it is and why the disease arises - you need to pay attention to the changing reasons. The first of these is smoking. This habit increases the possibility of this disease at times, and if a person is already sick, then the rate of development of the disease increases significantly. The second reason - obesity, malnutrition and sedentary lifestyle - all these factors can affect the occurrence of this disease. The third reason is the presence of a certain disease, which can trigger the onset of atherosclerosis. So, these are arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia (violation of the metabolism of fats), as well as various infections.
Symptoms of the disease
Understanding the concept of "atherosclerosis", what is itsuch and how this disease arises, it is important to pay attention to such a moment as the symptoms by which a person can determine if he has this disease. So, it is worth saying that the symptoms of this disease can be extremely diverse, because it depends on the degree of development of the disease and vascular disease. That is why it is better to view the symptoms separately, depending on what kind of disease is present in a person. It can be diffuse, cerebral or multifocal atherosclerosis, etc.
Atherosclerosis of the aorta
So, atherosclerosis of the aorta. What it is? It is worth saying that this is the most common disease among all types of atherosclerosis. It is characterized by the fact that various parts of the aortic wall are affected. Since the aorta is thoracic and abdominal, atherosclerosis is classified according to the same principle. Depending on the type of disease, there will be different symptoms. So, for example, atherosclerosis of the thoracic part of the aorta for a long time does not make itself felt, and the patient does not even suspect about his disease. The insidiousness of the disease is that the first symptoms mostly appear at a fairly mature age, about 60-70 years, when the destruction of the aorta has reached its maximum limit, and often the consequences are irreversible. Dizziness may occur, often burning pain in the sternum, an increase in systolic pressure.
The next type is abdominal atherosclerosis of the aorta. What it is? This disease concentrates in the terminal area of the aorta and also often can not give itself a long time to know. As for the symptoms, it can be a problem with digestion, abdominal pain, weight loss, kidney failure and hypertension. A life threatening complication of this disease is thrombosis of the visceral arteries, which are intended to supply blood to the intestines.
We go further. Now I want to consider a variant of the disease, like cerebral atherosclerosis. What it is? This disease is one of the most serious, because the cerebral vessels are affected, its blood supply worsens and the entire body suffers from this. As for the symptoms, they are most often expressed in headaches, dizziness, very fast fatigue is possible even with the most insignificant for the body loads. There are also psychological signs, such as irritability, a tendency to tearfulness, resentment for the most simple reasons. However, the brightest sign of this disease is memory loss. But it will not be complete, a person without any problems will be able to tell in great detail about what happened to him twenty years ago, but he will not be able to recall what was done around him during the last five minutes.
Complication of atherosclerosis is diffuseatherosclerosis. What it is? This disease is most often called cardiosclerosis, when the heart muscle is affected. As for the symptoms, they are similar to heart failure. In this and all the cunning of this disease. As for the symptoms, it can be shortness of breath, dry cough, muscle weakness. Also, various swelling (especially in the legs), pain in the right hypochondrium, and changes in the skin (deformation of the nails, hair loss, skin pigmentation) are possible.
There is still such a variety of thisdiseases like multifocal atherosclerosis. What it is? This disease is characterized by the fact that not one area is affected, but several. This is how certain vascular pools are created, with which physicians need to work. Most often, the treatment of this disease is made through surgical intervention.
Atherosclerosis of brachycephalic arteries
Atherosclerosis of the BCA - what is it? With this disease, problems occur in the brachycephalic column (its arteries), which supplies blood to the brain, as well as the right side of the shoulder girdle. Among the most common symptoms: frequent dizziness, which can occur with sudden movements of the head, as well as with a slight decrease in blood pressure. The surest way to diagnose this disease is ultrasound examination of the shoulder girdle, which will give the main answer to the question whether this disease is given.
It is necessary to understand and in such concept, asgeneralized atherosclerosis. What it is? It is worth noting that this disease is a complex lesion of atherosclerosis of various areas of human vessels. So most often it starts with aortic atherosclerosis, then the disease develops in any direction that she "likes". That is, I want to say that the insidiousness of this disease is that it is unpredictable, and in some people the disease develops according to one scenario, others - in a completely different way, affecting completely different parts of the body or organs.
The last version of this disease -diffuse atherosclerosis. What it is? But this is probably not a kind of disease, but a special symptom that develops against the background of cerebral artery atherosclerosis. If this disease is not treated, dementia may develop - an irreversible, unfortunately, condition, which can not be cured today.
Every person knows that it is better to prevent the appearance of a disease than to fight it. This is especially true for people who are at risk of developing this disease.
So, in order not to overtake atherosclerosis, it is worthabandon bad habits, especially from smoking. It is this that primarily contributes to the appearance of plaques that clog the blood vessels. Also, people are advised to move a lot. It's not for nothing that there is a saying: "movement is life." Everyone will be useful at least morning exercises, as well as daily walks in the fresh air. It is also good to practice any kind of sport. People who lead a sedentary lifestyle need a little exercise. It is necessary for myself to pick up a couple of simple exercises that must be performed at least every hour. A lot of time to spend is not necessary, it will be enough a couple of minutes of simple movements.
Of course, people who are overweight needlose weight to avoid the occurrence of this disease. The diet should be treated correctly: first, it should not be rigid, it is necessary to give up harmful products gradually. It is also good to arrange for yourself unloading days. It will be enough one or two a week. And everyone else is recommended competent nutrition, which eliminates the consumption of fatty foods, namely animal fats, which helps lower the level of cholesterol in the blood. It is necessary to give up eggs, butter, fatty dairy products. It is also good to increase the intake of fresh fruits and vegetables.
Having dealt with the "atherosclerosis of the vessels - thatthis is ", it is worth saying how you can get rid of this disease.So, first of all you need to seek medical advice from a doctor who can prescribe competent medication.
However, in addition to this there is also treatmentmeans of traditional medicine. They, by the way, also give an excellent result. So, what can be done. It is good to drink medicinal for atherosclerosis juice, which can be prepared from three components: carrot juice in a volume of 250 g, beetroot - 170 g, garlic - 60 g. The whole mixture is drunk within one day for three meals, regardless of food intake. Special teas work on the same principle. To make such a therapeutic drink, you need to mix 30 grams of the following herbs: buds, ivy, lemon balm and rue scented. Brewed about 5-6 grams of the mixture per half liter of boiling water, insisted for half an hour, everything is filtered and taken by incomplete glass three times a day about 15 minutes before meals. Also for the treatment of this disease you can use a variety of herbs and herbal infusions. Everything will depend on what type of disease the patient has. However, it is worth remembering that the course of treatment is carried out for two months, then it is necessary to take a break approximately for the same period - one and a half to two months. Then you can proceed to the next course. For the treatment of atherosclerosis, garlic, onions, lemon and celery are most often used.